Welcome Visitor
Thu, Feb 11, 2016

NEWS HEADLINES

ICAO takes significant step on efficiency targets for aircraft with agreement on CO2 emissions standard
ICAO takes significant step on efficiency targets for aircraft with agreement on CO2 emissions standard
Mon 8 Feb 2016 - After six years of development, a new aircraft CO2 emissions standard has been agreed by ICAO's Committee on Aviation Environmental Protection (CAEP), the first-ever to impose binding energy efficiency and CO2 reduction targets for the aviation sector. The environmental measure was, according to ICAO, unanimously recommended by the 170 international experts on CAEP and will now pass for adoption by ICAO's governing Council. The UN agency says that under the recommendation the standard would apply to both new aircraft type designs as of 2020 and new deliveries of current in-production aircraft types from 2023. A cut-off date of 2028 for production of aircraft that do not comply with the standard was also recommended. The standard is the first of two major decisions to be taken by the Organisation this year on ways to tackle the sector's growing carbon missions, with agreement on a global market-based measure the next challenge. Read more ...

EasyJet designs new green aircraft taxiing system based on zero-emissions hydrogen fuel cell technology | easyJet,Cranfield University,green taxiing
EasyJet designs new green aircraft taxiing system based on zero-emissions hydrogen fuel cell technology
Mon 8 Feb 2016 - Low-cost carrier easyJet is to develop and trial an onboard hydrogen fuel system that would enable it to be used for zero-emissions aircraft taxiing operations. The hybrid plane concept utilises a hydrogen fuel cell stowed in the aircraft's hold and the system allows energy to be captured as the aircraft brakes on landing, which is then used to charge lightweight batteries when the aircraft is on the ground. The airline says ground taxiing is responsible for around 4 per cent of its total annual fuel consumption due to its high frequency, short sector length operations. Following ideas from Cranfield University students on what air travel may look like in the future, the concept has been designed by easyJet's engineering team, which will now work with industry partners and suppliers towards setting a trial to take place later this year. Read more ...

After a decade of little growth, European aviation emissions expected to grow significantly by 2035 | Violeta Bulc
After a decade of little growth, European aviation emissions expected to grow significantly by 2035
Fri 5 Feb 2016 - After a ten-year period of largely static growth in CO2 emissions from European aviation, forecasts suggest future technological and operational gains will not be enough to prevent a significant rise in emissions over the next 20 years as a result of an expected 45 per cent increase in the number of flights. According to the first European Aviation Environmental Report published by the European Commission, aviation CO2 emissions increased from 144 million tonnes (Mt) in 2005 to 151 Mt in 2014, a rise of just 5 per cent, as a result of technological and ATM improvements, fleet renewal and the 2008 economic downturn. Jet aircraft noise levels have generally reduced by about 4 decibels per decade but progress has recently slowed to about 2 decibels per decade. However, the report finds noise energy and emissions will grow slower than passenger kilometres out to 2035. Read more ...

Fuel efficiency improvement by Emirates passenger fleet stalls due to airspace and runway closures | Emirates
Fuel efficiency improvement by Emirates passenger fleet stalls due to airspace and runway closures
Wed 3 Feb 2016 - The overall fuel efficiency of Gulf carrier Emirates improved by a modest 1.0 per cent in the year to 31 March 2015, although the performance of its passenger operations showed no gain on the previous year despite the addition of new aircraft to the fleet and the retirement of older planes. At 75 months (6.25 years), the average age of the fleet remains as one of the youngest in the industry. According to the Emirates Group's latest environmental report just published, this was due to the impact of airspace closures caused by security concerns in Syria, Iraq, Libya and Ukraine, which necessitated longer routings to avoid these areas, and an 80-day runway closure at its Dubai hub that meant aircraft having to carry more contingency fuel. With the addition of strong network growth, fuel consumption and carbon emissions were up 10.2 per cent on the previous year to around 9 million tonnes and 28 million tonnes respectively. Read more ...

ICAO's CAEP meets to agree new aircraft international CO2 standard and decide stringency level | ICAO CAEP,CO2 standard,Oeko-Institut
ICAO's CAEP meets to agree new aircraft international CO2 standard and decide stringency level
Fri 29 Jan 2016 - The 10th triennial session of ICAO's Committee on Aviation Environmental Protection (CAEP/10) gets underway on Monday (Feb 1) with a decision on an aircraft CO2 standard set to dominate the two-week meeting. The standard has been in development for around six years and has not been without controversy over its metric and level of stringency. However, CAEP's 22 members representing States worldwide - with input from 15 observers representing States, industry and NGOs - are expected to agree the standard during the session, which will then be passed for approval by ICAO's governing Council. The standard will have no effect on aircraft that are already in service and will likely be applied to new aircraft designs and for in-production aircraft that undergo major changes. Among issues that require decisions are the threshold weight of aircraft to which the standard should apply and the stringency levels, or options (SO), that should be applied.  Read more ...

Oslo becomes the first airport to supply sustainable jet fuel to airlines through existing supply system | SkyNRG,Neste,Avinor,Air BP,ITAKA
Oslo becomes the first airport to supply sustainable jet fuel to airlines through existing supply system
Fri 22 Jan 2016 - Oslo Airport has become the first in the world to make available to all airlines refuelling at the airport sustainable jet biofuel through its existing fuel farm and hydrant dispenser system. In an initiative involving Avinor, the airport's operator, and Air BP, along with members of the EU-funded ITAKA project, sustainable jet fuel produced from camelina grown in Spain will be purchased initially by airlines Lufthansa Group, SAS and KLM. The fuel is being supplied by Air BP after processing of the camelina at Neste's Porvoo refinery in Finland, using its NEXBTL technology. The fuel will enter directly into Oslo's fuel hydrant system without having to rely on a segregated infrastructure, which the partners say is a breakthrough for the emerging aviation biofuels market. So far, Air BP has agreed to deliver 1.25 million litres to the airport. Read more ...
1 opinion posted

COP21 President says growing emissions from aviation and shipping sectors must be tackled this year | COP21,Laurent Fabius
COP21 President says growing emissions from aviation and shipping sectors must be tackled this year
Fri 22 Jan 2016 - The President of the COP21 negotiations in Paris, French foreign minister Laurent Fabius, told the World Economic Forum in Davos yesterday that in the year ahead it would be necessary to work with UNFCCC Member States on international greenhouse gas emissions from aviation and maritime transport. He said the two "very important" sectors had been left out of the Paris Agreement "for many reasons" but their emissions were growing and it was "a real problem". He reiterated the message during a debate in the European Parliament on the COP21 outcome in which German MEP Peter Liese, the Parliament's rapporteur on the Aviation EU ETS, said he hoped credible EU legislation would be put in place if ICAO failed to agree to reduce emissions. Meanwhile, the Chinese government has announced aviation would be included in its national emissions trading scheme due to start in 2017. Read more ...

Virent says Rolls-Royce testing shows its renewable jet fuel cuts harmful particulates by over half | Virent,Gevo
Virent says Rolls-Royce testing shows its renewable jet fuel cuts harmful particulates by over half
Thu 21 Jan 2016 - US-based Virent says testing of its blended jet biofuel product shows a greater than 50 per cent reduction in particulate matter emissions compared to conventional jet fuel, so providing both health and environmental benefits. Testing was carried out by Rolls-Royce and supported by the FAA under the Continuous Lower Energy, Emissions and Noise (CLEEN) programme. The emissions data and other successfully completed test results have been summarised and published in a report by Rolls-Royce, British Airways and the FAA. Meanwhile, Alaska Airlines has ordered 1,000 gallons of alternative alcohol-to-jet (ATJ) fuel from Gevo for use in commercial flights sometime this year and Japan Airlines is to build a demo facility near Tokyo to produce jet biofuels from waste. Read more ...

Etihad and Masdar develop new energy efficient cool cargo system as aviation biofuel facility nears completion | Etihad,Masdar
Etihad and Masdar develop new energy efficient cool cargo system as aviation biofuel facility nears completion
Thu 21 Jan 2016 - In collaboration with the Masdar Institute of Science and Technology, Etihad Cargo, the cargo division of Etihad Airways, has launched a new design for a smart, temperature-controlled, sustainable and energy-efficient air cargo container 'cool dolly' system. Most airports and ground handlers use diesel-powered dollies with energy-intensive and expensive-to-operate cooling units to transport temperature-sensitive cargo such as pharmaceuticals, livestock and perishable products between the aircraft and cargo warehouse storage compartments. Etihad and its Abu Dhabi International Airport believe the cool dollies will provide them with a competitive advantage. Masdar and Etihad are also collaborating on developing an aquaculture-based aviation biofuel project and a new two-hectare research farm in Masdar City is due to be completed in March. Read more ...

Government must do more to protect the public from aircraft noise health impacts, says AEF report | AEF,HACAN
Government must do more to protect the public from aircraft noise health impacts, says AEF report
Wed 20 Jan 2016 - UK government policy is lagging behind growing evidence that aircraft noise is a pervasive public health problem and it should draw up long-term noise targets and review all noise policies, recommends a report by campaign group Aviation Environment Federation (AEF). The report identifies the health risks potentially impacting over one million people in the UK alone who live in areas where aircraft noise over a 24-hour period is above recommended health levels. Aircraft noise is associated with increased risk of heart and circulatory problems including increased blood pressure and higher risk of cardiovascular diseases. Health is also detrimentally affected by sleep disturbance and annoyance, and can affect the memory and learning ability of school children, says AEF. With key aviation policy decisions due in 2016 on runway expansion, flightpath change principles and night flight regulations, it says the government must update noise policies accordingly. Read more ...

COMMENTARY

Mitigation of international aviation emissions: The flightpath from Paris to Montreal | Chris Lyle
Mitigation of international aviation emissions: The flightpath from Paris to Montreal
Tue 12 Jan 2016 - The COP21 climate summit last month produced a remarkable global consensus on the mitigation of anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions and adaptation to their residual impact. Specific text addressing international aviation and shipping emissions was cut from the Paris Agreement during the meeting - seemingly with cursory consultation at most - and proved too difficult to reintroduce in the pressures of the final hours. But the Agreement embodies several features, notably increased ambition, which will serve to guide continuing work on mitigation of aviation emissions through ICAO. Of particular relevance is the development by ICAO of a global market-based measure (MBM) for consideration by the 39th Session of its Assembly later this year and intended implementation from 2020. Chris Lyle reviews some implications of the Paris Agreement for ICAO's undertaking. Read more ...

FORTHCOMING EVENTS

For more details on the following events, click here

Argus Emissions Markets 2016
2-3 March
Amsterdam, The Netherlands

 Read more ...

RECENT NEWS

Reports from IMF and French economists call for climate taxes on international aviation fuel or air travel | COP21,IMF,Paris School of Economics
Reports from IMF and French economists call for climate taxes on international aviation fuel or air travel
Fri 15 Jan 2016 - Two reports, one an International Monetary Fund (IMF) internal discussion note and the other by the Paris School of Economics (PSE), suggest taxing international aviation fuel or air travel could provide an equitable solution to raising global finance for climate mitigation and adaptation. The IMF says there is an immediate need for governments to follow up the Paris Agreement reached last month with fiscal policies that put carbon pricing "front and centre" in efforts to reduce carbon emissions. Substantial amounts - upwards of $25 billion - could be raised from charges on international aviation and maritime fuels, says its discussion note. The PSE paper by Lucas Chancel and best-selling author Thomas Piketty estimates a €180 ($200) levy on business class tickets and €20 ($22) on economy class would raise around €150 billion ($165bn) a year for climate adaptation. However, an effort to include a call for a levy on the aviation and shipping sectors was rejected by countries in the lead-up to the Paris climate negotiations.  Read more ...

Aircraft operators rack up over $1 million in UK penalties for non-compliance with EU ETS | Air India,Environment Agency,Jet Airways,Trump,Turkmenistan Airlines,Avocet,Saudi Arabian Airlines,Aeroflot
Aircraft operators rack up over $1 million in UK penalties for non-compliance with EU ETS
Thu 14 Jan 2016 - Following the civil penalties handed out to five aircraft operators last June, a further 18 operators of corporate or VIP aircraft and two airlines have been issued with penalties for failing to surrender sufficient EU ETS allowances in time to cover their intra-EEA flights in 2012. Among the latest to be fined are 21st Century Fox America, formerly known as News America Inc, the Bahrain royal family, and entrepreneur and US presidential candidate Donald Trump. The largest fine, £157,596 ($228,000) has been levied on British construction equipment manufacturer JCB in respect of flight emissions totalling 1,931 tonnes of its Gulfstream G650 aircraft. With the exception of Air India, whose fine from last year remains unpaid, most of the operators listed have now come into compliance. Read more ...

Heathrow sets out progress on action plans to reduce noise, emissions and traffic as it pledges to "go electric" | Heathrow
Heathrow sets out progress on action plans to reduce noise, emissions and traffic as it pledges to "go electric"
Wed 13 Jan 2016 - With air quality around Heathrow a major stumbling block to expansion, the airport has signalled its ambition to "turn Heathrow electric" and shift more vehicles used on and around the airport to electric power. It has given the go-ahead to install 135 more chargers for over 260 electric vehicles at a cost of £2 million ($2.9m), as well as roll out initiatives to encourage greater use of public transport for passengers and airport staff. In efforts to "make an expanded Heathrow the most environmentally responsible hub airport in the world", CEO John Holland-Kaye has outlined a progress report on plans and commitments "that will make us a better neighbour, by reducing noise, emissions and traffic." Heathrow says penalties on older aircraft will see it becoming the first large European airport to be free of the noisiest Chapter 3 aircraft. Read more ...

End of an ERA: NASA completes six-year research programme to reduce aviation's environmental impact | NASA
End of an ERA: NASA completes six-year research programme to reduce aviation's environmental impact
Thu 7 Jan 2016 - NASA's Environmentally Responsible Aviation (ERA) project to research and develop green-related technologies that could reduce aircraft emissions and noise has come to a close. Over the course of the six-year project, NASA had invested more than $400 million, with a further $250 million in-kind resources contributed by industry partners. The new technologies developed and refined by NASA's aeronautics researchers could help US airlines realise over $250 billion dollars in savings in the near future, claims the agency. Goals for the project included reducing aircraft drag by 8 per cent, aircraft weight by 10 per cent, and cutting specific engine fuel consumption by 15 per cent, engine NOx emissions by 75 per cent and aircraft noise to nearly one-eighth of today's standards by 2025. Read more ...

Ambitions to supply all Sea-Tac flights with biofuel progress as airport launches study with Boeing and Alaska | Port of Seattle,Sea-Tac Airport,Alaska Airlines
Ambitions to supply all Sea-Tac flights with biofuel progress as airport launches study with Boeing and Alaska
Tue 5 Jan 2016 - The Port of Seattle, the governing authority of Seattle-Tacoma International Airport (Sea-Tac), is partnering with Boeing and Alaska Airlines on a $250,000 feasibility study that will assess costs and infrastructure necessary to deliver aviation biofuel blends to airlines serving the airport. Under long-term roadmap plans, the ambition is for all flights departing Sea-Tac, which currently handles more than 380,000 flights annually, to be powered by sustainable aviation biofuel. The Port has a goal of reducing aircraft-related carbon emissions by 25 per cent by 2037. A key strategy to achieving this is through such fuels and it has been involved in a number of regional research initiatives and the development of a market-support role. Alaska's interest in the use of sustainable fuels goes back five years and was the first US airline to fly multiple flights using a blended biofuel. Read more ...

UK airspace changes and Heathrow arrivals procedure will lessen environmental impact, say CAA and NATS | NATS,XMAN,UK CAA
UK airspace changes and Heathrow arrivals procedure will lessen environmental impact, say CAA and NATS
Fri 18 Dec 2015 - A NATS trial project to slow aircraft down up to 350 miles from London in order to cut holding times at Heathrow Airport has proved successful enough for it to be brought into permanent operational service. The cross-border arrivals management procedure, called XMAN, involves NATS air traffic controllers in the UK working with their counterparts in France, Ireland, Belgium and the Netherlands. Since the project started in April 2014, NATS says holding times for those aircraft impacted by the trial have been reduced by up to a minute, equating to savings of 8,000 tonnes of CO2 and £1.65 million ($2.4m) in fuel costs. The UK CAA, meanwhile, has approved major airspace changes covering eastern and southern England that will enable aircraft to fly more efficiently, help reduce the number of low-level flights and so reduce their environmental impact. Read more ...

Japanese microalgae company Euglena plans new demo plant to produce jet biofuels for ANA | Euglena,ANA,Japan,INAF
Japanese microalgae company Euglena plans new demo plant to produce jet biofuels for ANA
Thu 17 Dec 2015 - Japanese microalgae company Euglena has announced plans to build the country's first demonstration plant to produce jet biofuel from algae. In a partnership with Chevron Lummus Global, the refinery is to be built in Yokohama and anticipated to cost around 3 billion yen ($24m), with an aim to start operations in 2018. The refinery is expected to produce around 33,000 gallons of jet biofuel per year, which will be supplied to All Nippon Airways (ANA), and Euglena hopes to proceed with a full commercial plant "in the 2020s". Other construction, commercialisation and procurement partners in the venture include Chiyoda, Isuzu Motors and Itochu Enex. Read more ...

Omission of international aviation from Paris climate agreement a vote of confidence, says ICAO President | COP21
Omission of international aviation from Paris climate agreement a vote of confidence, says ICAO President
Wed 16 Dec 2015 - The fact that international aviation was not covered by the Paris Agreement reached at COP21 last Saturday (Dec 12) is a vote of confidence in the progress ICAO and the aviation community have made towards ambitious climate goals, according to ICAO Council President Dr Olumuyiwa Benard Aliu. ICAO Secretary General Dr Fang Liu said the COP21 process and outcome represented a major accomplishment for the world and aviation, and 2016 would be "a very big year" for environmental issues at ICAO, with progress expected on the global market-based measure (MBM) and aircraft CO2 standard. The Paris Agreement will provide additional momentum to the MBM negotiations, said IATA Director General Tony Tyler. EU Climate Commissioner Miguel Arias Canete said the EU had fought hard to have the sector included in the Agreement and was concerned by the slow pace of the MBM development. Read more ...

Historic global climate agreement reached in Paris but international aviation left on the sidelines | COP21,Paris Agreement
Historic global climate agreement reached in Paris but international aviation left on the sidelines
Mon 14 Dec 2015 - The historic climate agreement reached in Paris on Saturday (Dec 12) will provide a positive momentum for discussions taking place at ICAO on introducing a market-based measure (MBM) for international aviation carbon emissions, said the industry's Air Transport Action Group (ATAG). It called on governments to "redouble their efforts" in progressing work on developing the measure next year. However, to the surprise of many, the paragraph in earlier draft texts referring to international aviation and shipping was removed in the later stages and despite efforts by some smaller countries and the European Union to have it reinserted, there is no mention in the final agreement. Environmental NGOs believe the absence casts doubts over who is responsible for controlling the fast-growing emissions from the aviation and maritime sectors post-2020, which together currently account for around 5 per cent of global CO2 emissions. Read more ...

UK Government accepts case for airport expansion but says more time needed to examine environmental impacts | Airports Commission
UK Government accepts case for airport expansion but says more time needed to examine environmental impacts
Fri 11 Dec 2015 - The UK Government has accepted the case for airport expansion in the south-east of England but has postponed a decision on where that expansion should take place until the middle of next year at the earliest. The report of the Airports Commission published in the summer had firmly recommended a new third runway at Heathrow but the Government has reopened the door to the viability of two other schemes shortlisted by the Commission, a second runway at Gatwick and the extension of an existing runway at Heathrow that could simultaneously handle both incoming and outgoing aircraft. The Government says more work needs to be done to analyse the environmental impacts of the expansion proposals, in particular on local air quality and greenhouse gas emissions, and is expecting the airports to submit "ambitious solutions" to tackle the issue. Read more ...

Researchers claim to have found a new way to convert wood biowaste into jet fuel hydrocarbons | Washington State University Tri-Cities,lignin,Alaska Airlines,US Department of Agriculture
Researchers claim to have found a new way to convert wood biowaste into jet fuel hydrocarbons
Thu 10 Dec 2015 - Researchers at Washington State University Tri-Cities (WSU) in the United States say they have found a way to convert lignin, a common wood by-product, into the same hydrocarbon molecules that are used as jet fuel. The procedure developed by Dr Bin Yang, an associate professor of biological systems engineering, and his team converts lignin into a mix of hydrocarbons in a single reactor using appropriate catalysts, and the resulting product is then separated and purified to obtain the required jet fuel hydrocarbons. After cellulose, lignin is the most abundant renewable carbon source on Earth, according to the International Lignin Institute. Yang's team is now working with Boeing to develop and test the discovery. Elsewhere in the Pacific Northwest, Alaska Airlines is expected to conduct a demonstration flight in 2016 using 1,000 gallons of jet biofuel derived from forest scraps. Read more ...

Airports industry partners with UNFCCC on climate action and efforts to increase carbon neutrality | Airport Carbon Accreditation,COP21
Airports industry partners with UNFCCC on climate action and efforts to increase carbon neutrality
Wed 9 Dec 2015 - During the current global climate negotiations in Paris, the airport industry has agreed a partnership with the UNFCCC and also pledged to increase the number of carbon neutral airports. At a COP21 side event, industry trade association Airports Council International (ACI) committed to supporting the UNFCCC's Climate Neutral Now campaign, while the UN climate change body will support airport climate action, in particular the sector's Airport Carbon Accreditation (ACA) programme. The voluntary airport carbon standard, first launched by ACI Europe in June 2009 and now extended worldwide, is aimed at encouraging airports to map, manage and reduce their emissions, with the ultimate goal of becoming carbon neutral. During the COP, the European airport industry committed to increasing the number of carbon neutral airports to 50 by 2030. Read more ...

UNFCCC adopts first aviation-related Clean Development Mechanism methodology for green taxiing projects | COP21,CDM,green taxiing
UNFCCC adopts first aviation-related Clean Development Mechanism methodology for green taxiing projects
Fri 4 Dec 2015 - ICAO has announced the adoption of the first aviation-related UNFCCC Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) methodology that will quantify CO2 reductions from the use of electric taxiing systems for aircraft. This is the first of three methodologies the UNFCCC Executive Board that oversees the CDM agreed earlier this year to develop, the other two relating to solar power for at-gate aircraft and aircraft engine washing projects. The CDM allows emission reduction projects in developing countries to earn certified emission reduction (CER) credits - each equivalent to one tonne of CO2 - that can be traded and used by industrialised countries to help meet their UN climate reduction targets. Under the Kyoto climate treaty, projects to reduce emissions from domestic flights and at airports in developing countries are already eligible to be included in the CDM but international flights are not. Read more ...

Boeing and SkyNRG collaborate with Canadian aviation sector on forest waste to jet biofuel venture | Neste,SAA,Air Canada,WestJet,Bombardier,GARDN,SkyNRG,UBC
Boeing and SkyNRG collaborate with Canadian aviation sector on forest waste to jet biofuel venture
Thu 3 Dec 2015 - Boeing, SkyNRG and the University of British Columbia (UBC) have formed a consortium with Canadian aviation industry partners to assess the potential of producing sustainable jet fuel from forest residues using thermochemical processing. The consortium will be led by UBC and Vancouver-based NORAM Engineering and Constructors, with sustainable jet fuel supplier SkyNRG acting as project partner. Also part of the venture are Air Canada, WestJet and Bombardier. A Boeing-sponsored study by UBC found that fuel from forest waste could meet 10 per cent - about 46 million gallons, or 175 million litres - of British Columbia's annual jet fuel demand. Boeing has also announced it will collaborate with Finnish renewable diesel producer Neste Oil to promote and accelerate jet biofuel commercialisation. Read more ...

COP21: China expresses "serious concerns" over ICAO global measure to limit growth of aviation emissions | COP21
COP21: China expresses "serious concerns" over ICAO global measure to limit growth of aviation emissions
Wed 2 Dec 2015 - In a statement presented yesterday at the COP21 climate conference in Paris, China expressed its displeasure over a key element of the global market-based measure (GMBM) currently under development at ICAO. The Strawman proposal drawn up to provide a potential framework for the main structure of the GMBM is not compatible with the UN climate differentiation principle (CBDR), says a statement by China to SBSTA, the UNFCCC technical and scientific body dealing with international aviation and shipping emissions. Another statement by Argentina on behalf of a number of developing States, including China, Brazil and India, plus groups of African and Arab countries, said the CBDR principle had to be fully respected by ICAO on climate issues and measures should not constitute hidden restrictions on international trade. (updated 9 DecRead more ...

Concerns over use of international aviation as a source of climate finance expressed in ICAO declaration | COP21
Concerns over use of international aviation as a source of climate finance expressed in ICAO declaration
Fri 27 Nov 2015 - Ahead of the Paris climate change conference (COP21) that starts on Monday, ICAO's governing Council has again called on Member States to oppose the disproportionate use of international aviation as a potential source of revenue for climate finance for other sectors. At a session of the Council last week, representatives adopted a formal Declaration that will be circulated in Paris in which ICAO informs that it is on course to adopt a global CO2 standard for aircraft next year and is committed to finalising the key design elements of a global market-based measure (GMBM) for a decision by the next Assembly in autumn 2016. A delegation of ICAO officials, including Council President Dr Olumuyiwa Benard Aliu and Secretary General Dr Fang Liu, is expected to attend the two-week conference in Paris. Aviation-related side events organised by the industry and NGOs will take place during the COP. Read more ...

Low oil price and current lack of government support stalls British Airways' waste to jet biofuel project | Solena
Low oil price and current lack of government support stalls British Airways' waste to jet biofuel project
Thu 26 Nov 2015 - A pioneering industry partnership between British Airways and Solena Fuels to build a facility to the east of London that would convert municipal solid waste (MSW) to around 16 million gallons of sustainable jet fuel annually has ended. Solena had struggled to raise the necessary finance for the GreenSky project, which was dealt a final blow by the current low price of oil of around $50 per barrel, when a price of $70 was needed by the US company to make the jet biofuel produced cost competitive with conventional fuel. When first announced in 2010, the $500 million facility was due to start production this year and a site was selected last year on the Thames Estuary. BA says it remains committed to pursuing the MSW to jet fuel pathway and is talking to other companies in the field but believes a current lack of government support has contributed to the delay of the project. Read more ...

A lack of emission reduction targets for aviation risks undermining global efforts on 2⁰C warming objective | Oeko-Institut,COP21
A lack of emission reduction targets for aviation risks undermining global efforts on 2⁰C warming objective
Fri 20 Nov 2015 - A lack of adequate sectoral targets and appropriate action to reduce emissions from international aviation and shipping risks undermining efforts elsewhere to achieve the internationally agreed goal of keeping global warming below the 2 degrees C threshold, finds a study prepared for the European Parliament. International aviation's current 1.3 per cent share of global CO2 emissions may rise to a substantial 22 per cent by 2050 if the sector does not step up its ambition and continues to fall behind other sectors working to combat climate change, it warns. While full decarbonisation of aviation within the next 30 years is unrealistic, argues the study, stabilising emissions at 2020 levels, as proposed by ICAO Member States, "is clearly not enough." It is important to establish targets for both aviation and shipping that clearly indicate emissions cannot grow unlimited and unregulated, it advises EU lawmakers. Read more ...

IATA’s first alternative aviation fuel conference focuses on bringing together airlines and fuel suppliers | IATA Alternative Fuel Symposium
IATA’s first alternative aviation fuel conference focuses on bringing together airlines and fuel suppliers
Fri 20 Nov 2015 - In conjunction with its annual Aviation Fuel Forum, IATA recently held the 1st Alternative Fuel Symposium in Cancun, Mexico. Around 80 participants from the aviation and the alternative fuel sector, as well as from traditional oil companies, came together for this first-of-its-kind event, reports IATA's Thomas Roetger. In contrast to the already numerous conferences covering aviation biofuels, he writes, the symposium had a clear focus on directly bringing together airline customers and alternative fuel suppliers with each other and also with business facilitators helping to remove the remaining barriers to alternative jet fuel deployment. Over 20 international leaders and experts in the field of alternative aviation fuels presented and discussed views and shared case studies. Read more ...

NATS to install new radar system at Edinburgh Airport to mitigate impact of new wind farm | NATS,wind farms
NATS to install new radar system at Edinburgh Airport to mitigate impact of new wind farm
Fri 20 Nov 2015 - UK air traffic services provider NATS is to install and operate a new radar system at Edinburgh Airport that will totally mitigate the impact of an upcoming wind farm development located around 20 miles (32km) southwest of the airport. NATS has signed a contract with developer Muirhall Energy to cover the 25-year design life of the Tormywheel Wind Farm, which will feature 15 turbines capable of generating 34MW of renewable energy. Wind turbines can cause radar interference whereby the blades appear as 'clutter' on radar screens and can be mistaken for aircraft. This is usually addressed by 'blanking' out the area, which while effective is not considered a long-term sustainable solution. Read more ...

Legacy carriers with high premium seating fare badly in first fuel efficiency study of transatlantic routes | ICCT
Legacy carriers with high premium seating fare badly in first fuel efficiency study of transatlantic routes
Tue 17 Nov 2015 - Analysis comparing the fuel efficiency of top 20 airlines on transatlantic routes finds a sizeable gap between the most and least efficient carriers, with low-cost Norwegian comfortably leading the table, which is propped up by major legacy carriers British Airways, SAS and Lufthansa. Seating configuration and the number of first and business class seats, plus the fuel burn of the aircraft operated, are the two most important factors influencing airline fuel efficiency. Together they explain about 80 per cent of the variation in efficiency among the airlines studied by the International Council of Clean Transportation (ICCT). Other drivers of efficiency such as passenger load factors and freight carriage were found to be relatively less important. Read more ...

NASA and DLR tests show alternative fuels can cut dangerous soot emissions from jet engines in half | NASA,DLR
NASA and DLR tests show alternative fuels can cut dangerous soot emissions from jet engines in half
Thu 12 Nov 2015 - Ongoing research by NASA and the German Aerospace Center (DLR) indicates that burning blended alternative fuels in jet engines results in a 50 per cent reduction in soot emissions as opposed to traditional jet fuel alone. Soot has both an adverse impact on human health and, as it absorbs heat, has a climatic warming effect when emitted at high altitudes. In their latest collaboration, NASA has supplied several instruments for DLR's Emissions and Climate Impacts of Alternative Aviation Fuels (ECLIF) experiments. These involve measuring the exhaust from a parked DLR Airbus A320 as it burns eight different types of standard and alternative fuels that contain varying amounts of aromatic compounds and sulphur impurities. NASA says the ECLIF data will help confirm and supplement its own alternative aviation fuel research that it has been carrying out since 2009. Read more ...

EU MEPs call on US to support inclusion in Paris agreement of robust measures on aviation emissions | COP21,Peter Liese,Matthias Groote
EU MEPs call on US to support inclusion in Paris agreement of robust measures on aviation emissions
Wed 11 Nov 2015 - Two senior European MEPs, Matthias Groote and Peter Liese, have called on President Obama to change his administration's approach to aviation and shipping emissions and support wording in the Paris agreement that requires the two sectors to do more in the fight against climate change. Unlike the many countries, large and small, that have submitted specific national pledges to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions, UN agencies ICAO and IMO have exempted themselves from the process, they say, despite regulating international CO2 emissions comparable to those of large countries like Germany and the UK. They also criticise the US administration over its silence on the slow progress at ICAO in crafting a global measure to tackle aviation emissions. Liese and Groote played senior roles in the European Parliament's environment committee in steering EU legislation on aviation's inclusion into the EU ETS, facing stiff US opposition along the way. Read more ...

Penalty stands, rules UK adjudicator as Jet Airways loses second appeal over Aviation EU ETS compliance | Jet Airways,Air India,Aeroflot,Saudi Arabian Airlines
Penalty stands, rules UK adjudicator as Jet Airways loses second appeal over Aviation EU ETS compliance
Tue 10 Nov 2015 - An appeal by India's Jet Airways against a civil penalty of 15,000 euros ($16,000) imposed by the UK government for failing to meet the Aviation EU Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS) deadline for the year 2012 has been dismissed by an adjudicator. This follows the failure of an earlier appeal in which the airline had argued that it should not have to comply with the scheme because of instructions it had received from the Indian authorities. Since that ruling in April, Jet Airways has opened an Aircraft Operator Handling Account (AOHA) and surrendered the necessary allowances to cover its intra-EEA emissions not only for 2012 but also for 2013 and 2014, so is now in compliance with EU ETS regulations. However, the adjudicator rejected the airline's second appeal that it was prevented from complying by the due date because of its government's instructions. Read more ...

Final draft negotiating text for Paris climate summit reinserts "unambitious" reference to international aviation | COP21
Final draft negotiating text for Paris climate summit reinserts "unambitious" reference to international aviation
Mon 26 Oct 2015 - References to international aviation and shipping have been reinserted into the latest draft negotiating text agreed at the final climate meeting of the UNFCCC in Bonn before COP21 begins at the end of next month in Paris. Text relating to the two sectors was included in a 86-page draft text that came out of talks held in Geneva in February but a slimmed-down version released earlier this month omitted the paragraphs entirely. The new references are believed to have been inserted following pressure by the European Union and the Least Developed Countries (LDCs). However, the earlier text that called for global sectoral emission reduction targets be set for the two sectors has been heavily watered down and merely calls on parties to "pursue limitation or reduction" of emissions, working through ICAO and IMO. Industry and ICAO will also be relieved that earlier text calling for a levy scheme be imposed to provide climate finance has not been included. Read more ...

Adelaide Airport to cut carbon emissions by 10 per cent with new rooftop solar power system | Adelaide Airport,solar
Adelaide Airport to cut carbon emissions by 10 per cent with new rooftop solar power system
Fri 6 Nov 2015 - Adelaide Airport is to build what it claims will be the largest airport rooftop solar power system in Australia and is expected to reduce energy consumption and carbon emissions by close to 10 per cent. The 1.17MW system is to be built on the short term car park roof by Solgen Energy and will be more than 10 times larger than the airport's existing system, bringing the total rooftop solar capacity to 1.28MW. Made up of 4,500 panels - enough to power the equivalent of more than 300 homes - it will be the largest private-sector solar system in South Australia. As part of its drive to be the most environmentally friendly airport in Australia, Adelaide has become the country's first to be certified at the third level of the industry Airport Carbon Accreditation programme. Read more ...

Scottish EU-funded project launched that will help remote and rural airports to reduce their carbon footprint | HITRANS,SPARA 2020,HIAL
Scottish EU-funded project launched that will help remote and rural airports to reduce their carbon footprint
Thu 5 Nov 2015 - A three-year, 2.4 million euro ($2.6m) project has been launched in Scotland to heighten awareness of the importance to rural and remote communities of local air services and to use innovative technologies to make them as cost effective and environmentally friendly as possible. The Smart Peripheral and Remote Airports 2020 (SPARA 2020) project will include two work strands to foster more sustainable energy use at airports in the Scottish Highlands and Islands region to include electric vehicle surface access and the possibility of offering biofuels to airlines serving those airports. The project is part of the EU's Northern Periphery and Arctic Programme (NPAP) with funding of 1.5 million euros coming from a grant from the European Regional Development Fund. The NPAP aims to help peripheral and remote communities on the northern margins of Europe to develop their economic, social and environmental potential. Read more ...

Cathay Pacific achieves 4.5% improvement in fuel efficiency as it makes progress on sustainability performance | Cathay Pacific
Cathay Pacific achieves 4.5% improvement in fuel efficiency as it makes progress on sustainability performance
Fri 30 Oct 2015 - Cathay Pacific achieved a 4.5 per cent improvement in the fuel efficiency of its passenger and cargo operations in 2014 over the previous year, according to the airline group's latest annual sustainability report. Since 1998, the overall revenue-tonne-kilometre (RTK) fuel efficiency performance has improved by 22.8 per cent. In addition to a contribution from a higher load factor in 2014, the airline attributes the progress to ongoing fleet modernisation and flight efficiency measures such as single-engine taxiing and onboard weight reductions. However, as a result of growth in capacity, CO2 emissions from fuel burn for Cathay Pacific and sister airline Dragonair increased from 15.5 million tonnes in 2013 to 16.4 million tonnes in 2014 (+5.8 per cent), the group's first rise in total emissions since 2011. Read more ...

Plentiful supply of quality offsets can meet international aviation demand under ICAO global carbon scheme | Oeko,REDD+,Verified Carbon Standard
Plentiful supply of quality offsets can meet international aviation demand under ICAO global carbon scheme
Thu 29 Oct 2015 - Concern that there will be an insufficient supply of quality carbon offsets to meet demand under a global market-based mechanism (GMBM) for international aviation appears groundless, according to analysis by Oeko-Institut. The UN's Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) is the largest source of credits, with more than 7,500 projects registered to date. The German research organisation found that credits from the pipeline of existing CDM projects could cover international aviation demand for a period of at least eight years from the potential start of the scheme in 2021 even if tight eligibility requirements are introduced. Meanwhile, some in the airline sector are pushing for REDD+ forestry credits to be also included in the GMBM. Eligibility criteria for offset units under the GMBM is currently under scrutiny by an ICAO expert working group tasked with ensuring the environmental integrity of the scheme. Read more ...

Overall industry progress as Alaska, Spirit, Frontier and Southwest again lead ICCT's US airline fuel efficiency rankings | ICCT
Overall industry progress as Alaska, Spirit, Frontier and Southwest again lead ICCT's US airline fuel efficiency rankings
Fri 23 Oct 2015 - For the second year running, Alaska, Spirit, Frontier and Southwest remained the top four most fuel-efficient airlines on US domestic operations in 2014, according to the annual rankings study carried out by the International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT). After slowing in recent years, overall industry fuel efficiency improved by 1.7 per cent from 2013 to 2014 on a revenue passenger mile (RPM) basis, largely as a result of a 1 per cent gain in passenger load and 1.6 per cent increase in seating density. Airlines also implemented fleet renewal programmes that for the first time since 2010 slightly reduced the average age of aircraft used on domestic flights to 11.5 years. One clear trend is the slowly but steadily increasing number of seats per aircraft, or upgauging, which has the effect of increasing fuel efficiency but, points out ICCT, at the cost of reduced passenger comfort and access to flights. Read more ...

UK aviation minister urges airlines to phase out older aircraft over environmental and climate concerns | Robert Goodwill,Aerodays
UK aviation minister urges airlines to phase out older aircraft over environmental and climate concerns
Wed 21 Oct 2015 - As aircraft and engine technology improves, pressure should be kept up on airlines to replace aging aircraft and invest in the newest models so that the environmental benefits can be realised as soon as possible, said UK Minister for Aviation Robert Goodwill yesterday at the Aerodays conference in London. Addressing Europe's flagship aerospace research event, Goodwill said the sector’s history of innovation and invention was needed more than ever to respond with new technology and processes to make aviation less harmful to the environment and human health. In the light of the VW scandal, Goodwill said it would sharpen regulatory focus on manufacturers' emission claims. He also stressed the importance of achieving a global agreement at ICAO next year on a market-based measure for international aviation carbon emissions. Read more ...

Radical thinking and technology breakthroughs needed to meet aviation's long-term carbon reduction goal | United Airlines,Cathay Pacific,Fulcrum Energy,LanzaTech,ATAG2015
Radical thinking and technology breakthroughs needed to meet aviation's long-term carbon reduction goal
Sun 18 Oct 2015 - The commercialisation and uptake of sustainable aviation biofuels might take longer than was previously hoped but patience and a long-term view was urged by industry experts at the recent Global Sustainable Aviation Summit in Geneva. ATAG Executive Director Michael Gill said around 20 airlines, which together had so far carried out over 2,000 biofuel flights, had shown leadership by committing to the development of an important energy supply and were leading the way for airlines. Representatives from United Airlines and Cathay Pacific said they had been motivated to separately invest in a US biofuel company by the need to accelerate progress in growing an aviation biofuels industry and to provide support for those companies seeking initial capital for projects. Another session at the conference heard that achieving the industry's long-term carbon reduction goal would require both continuous incremental efficiency gains and radical technology breakthroughs. Read more ...

Australia’s rugby union team tackle their flying carbon footprint through the Qantas offset programme | Qantas
Australia’s rugby union team tackle their flying carbon footprint through the Qantas offset programme
Fri 16 Oct 2015 - Australian Rugby Union (ARU), whose team is currently competing at the Rugby World Cup tournament in England, is to offset its travel carbon footprint through the Qantas Fly Carbon Neutral programme. As well as the national team, the Qantas Wallabies - as they are known under their sponsorship agreement with the airline - includes the Sevens and junior representative teams, and together they fly several million kilometres each year, says ARU. The offset programme, which Qantas claims is the largest of its kind in the world, supports projects that include the conservation of 7,000 hectares of Tasmanian forest, wildlife protection and the empowerment of rainforest communities in Papua New Guinea. Read more ...

Aviation industry climate action report spotlights global projects undertaken to reduce carbon emissions | ATAG2015
Aviation industry climate action report spotlights global projects undertaken to reduce carbon emissions
Thu 15 Oct 2015 - The industry coalition Air Transport Action Group (ATAG) has published a report to promote the sector's sustainable development through case studies involving 100 carbon-reducing initiatives by over 400 organisations in 65 countries. Although it looks at the large step-change technological advances in new aircraft entering the global fleet, the 'Aviation Climate Solutions' report highlights smaller energy efficiency projects that ATAG Executive Director Michael Gill calls the marginal gains industry needs to make if it is to achieve its climate targets. Gill revealed at the report's launch that the near-term goal of an average 1.5 per cent annual efficiency improvement from 2009 to 2020 was currently tracking at 2.9 per cent. However, he expected this to "normalise" over the next few years. Read more ...

Industry pledges to do more to address the concerns of local communities impacted by aviation noise | Noise,ATAG2015
Industry pledges to do more to address the concerns of local communities impacted by aviation noise
Mon 12 Oct 2015 - The air transport industry must do more to address the concerns of local communities about aviation noise and work together to find solutions if it is to maintain the support of governments and the general public as part of its licence to operate, says Angela Gittens, Director General of Airports Council International (ACI). The trade association for the world's airports has joined with the Civil Air Navigation Services Organisation (CANSO) to publish a best-practice guide that examines the challenges as well as the methods airport operators and air navigation service providers (ANSPs) can use to manage and reduce aviation noise. A session on community engagement at the recent Global Sustainable Aviation Summit focused on why the issue continues to fester with local residents despite industry efforts and quieter aircraft. Read more ...

New Paris draft agreement removes text on international aviation CO2 reduction targets and climate finance | COP21,ATAG2015
New Paris draft agreement removes text on international aviation CO2 reduction targets and climate finance
Thu 8 Oct 2015 - References to international aviation and shipping have been left out of the newly slimmed-down draft agreement for negotiation at the UNFCCC COP21 climate talks in Paris that start at the end of next month. The previous 83-page draft, now down to just 20 pages, had text calling for global CO2 emission reduction targets be set for the two sectors as well as a levy scheme to be applied to each that would provide funding towards climate adaptation for poorer nations. The omission will be welcomed by sister UN agency ICAO, which has long warned that a levy on top of the global carbon offsetting measure to cap the net growth of international aviation emissions that is expected to start from 2020 could drain financial resources from the sector. NGOs, on the other hand, have called the exclusion irresponsible as it leaves the two high-growth emitting sectors free from fuel taxes and climate targets. Read more ...

Positive outcome at Paris COP will be crucial in progress of aviation global carbon measure, says ICAO chief | ATAG2015,Dr Olumuyiwa Benard Aliu
Positive outcome at Paris COP will be crucial in progress of aviation global carbon measure, says ICAO chief
Fri 2 Oct 2015 - A successful outcome from the upcoming UN climate change conference (COP21) in Paris will be crucial in encouraging ICAO Member States to make further progress on reducing emissions from international aviation, said Dr Olumuyiwa Benard Aliu, President of ICAO's governing Council, at an aviation industry conference. The Environment Advisory Group (EAG), comprising 17 Council representatives, is currently overseeing the development of a global market-based measure (MBM) to limit the sector's growth of net emissions from the sector from 2020 but headway is slow on political aspects of the scheme. With a decision required by countries at the ICAO Assembly in a year's time on implementation, industry leaders at the conference warned against allowing timelines to slip and a loss in momentum. Environmental NGOs also called on ICAO States to stand by their commitment to deliver the scheme. Read more ...

Industry and governments must do more to reduce the rapid growth in aviation emissions, finds study | New Climate Economy
Industry and governments must do more to reduce the rapid growth in aviation emissions, finds study
Fri 25 Sep 2015 - Despite advances, there is a large untapped potential for fuel efficiency gains that would cut costs and reduce emissions in the aviation sector, finds an aviation and shipping study by the New Climate Economy, a flagship project of the Global Commission on the Economy and Climate. Saving fuel has major economic benefits as well as reducing emissions and the paper cites the example of American Airlines, which has invested $300 million in efficiency measures since 2005 while saving $1.5 billion in fuel costs. Aviation and shipping now produce 5 per cent of global carbon emissions and by 2050 that share could rise to 32 per cent, and this fast growth could undermine global efforts to keep warming under 2 degrees C, warn the authors. Progress within both the international civil aviation and shipping UN agencies ICAO and IMO needs to be dramatically accelerated, says the Global Commission. Read more ...

Acceleration of fuel efficiency programme helps Qantas make up ground on environmental target | Qantas,Jetstar
Acceleration of fuel efficiency programme helps Qantas make up ground on environmental target
Thu 24 Sep 2015 - The fuel efficiency of the Qantas Group - which includes low-fares carrier Jetstar - has improved 5 per cent overall since 2009, which is below the Group's own target of an average 1.5 per cent improvement per year. However, says the airline in its latest Annual Review, progress in better performance is expected with continued fleet renewal and ongoing fuel burn reduction initiatives. As part of the Qantas Transformation programme, the airline has accelerated an existing fuel efficiency and optimisation programme that helped reduce total carbon emissions by 2.1 per cent during the Group's 2014/15 financial year. The average age of the fleet has been reduced from 7.9 years in 2012/13 to a current 7.7 years, and from 2017 Boeing 787-9 Dreamliners will start to replace older 747s on international routes. Qantas believes that over the longer term, biofuels present the biggest opportunity to achieve major reductions in carbon emissions. Read more ...

Fuel efficiency and emissions reporting software company Aviaso acquired by Honeywell Aerospace | Aviaso,Honeywell Aerospace
Fuel efficiency and emissions reporting software company Aviaso acquired by Honeywell Aerospace
Thu 24 Sep 2015 - Fuel efficiency and emissions savings software provider Aviaso has been acquired by global aerospace company Honeywell. The former privately held company was founded in 2007, employs 40 people in Zurich and Sofia, Bulgaria, and has around 20 airline clients, mostly in Europe. Its products gather data on aircraft usage in order to identify and communicate ways airline customers can save fuel consumption through an intuitive software interface. The company also provides software for emissions reporting, as well as consulting for fuel efficiency and emissions management. Honeywell says the acquisition will strengthen its product portfolio as well as broadening its presence in Europe. Rival fuel efficiency software company ETS Aviation was acquired by Boeing last year and integrated within its Jeppesen UK subsidiary. Read more ...

Industry, NGOs and governments to discuss global aviation environmental and climate issues at Geneva meeting | ATAG Summit
Industry, NGOs and governments to discuss global aviation environmental and climate issues at Geneva meeting
Thu 24 Sep 2015 – The aviation industry gathers next week in Geneva for the Global Sustainable Aviation Summit, hosted by the cross-sector Air Transport Action Group (ATAG). The conference will look ahead to the December UNFCCC climate negotiations in Paris and the impact the outcome might have in the lead up to the next ICAO Assembly in little over a year's time, when countries are hoping to reach a global agreement on a market-based measure (MBM) to address international aviation emissions. It will also tackle a range of other environmental issues such as sustainable alternative aviation fuels, aircraft noise, new technologies and emerging environmental Issues. Keynote speakers include Solar Impulse CEO and pilot Andre Borschberg and Dr Olumuyiwa Benard Aliu, President of the ICAO Council. Read more ...

New aircraft fuel efficiency improvements return to historical average but lag ICAO fuel burn goals, finds ICCT report | ICCT
New aircraft fuel efficiency improvements return to historical average but lag ICAO fuel burn goals, finds ICCT report
Fri 18 Sep 2015 - Despite progress in aircraft fuel efficiency performance, airframe and engine manufacturers are currently lagging behind goals established at ICAO for medium and long term technology advances in fuel burn reduction, according to analysis by the International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT). The environmental research NGO has undertaken a study into the fuel efficiency improvement of commercial jet aircraft from 1960 to 2014 and has found the rate of improvement to vary greatly over the period. The biggest gains were made during the 1980s, when average annual fuel efficiency improved by 2.6 per cent, whereas little or no improvement was seen during the 1970s and in the period from 1995 to 2005. Overall, the average fuel burn of new aircraft between 1968 and 2014 reduced by a compound annual reduction rate of 1.3 per cent and with new aircraft types coming to market, the short term trend is a return to the historical average, predicts ICCT. Read more ...

Partnerships are a key driver to achieving international aviation climate goals, says new ICAO Secretary General | E-GAP,Fang Liu
Partnerships are a key driver to achieving international aviation climate goals, says new ICAO Secretary General
Thu 17 Sep 2015 - With the expected future growth in aviation traffic, it is essential to ensure future generations can continue to enjoy the wide-ranging benefits of air transport tomorrow on an environmentally sustainable basis, said ICAO's new Secretary General, Dr Fang Liu, in a keynote address yesterday to an environmental seminar held by the UN civil aviation agency. The seminar is taking place in advance of a major UN summit in New York next week that is expected to adopt global Sustainable Development Goals effective from 2016, and sessions of the seminar have been aligned to the appropriate goals. The event has also been planned to showcase actions by the international aviation sector to reduce emissions ahead of the forthcoming Paris COP climate conference. Former ICAO Council President Roberto Kobeh Gonzalez told delegates that international aviation CO2 emissions were projected to grow by more than four times over the next 30 years unless urgent action was taken under all of ICAO's 'basket of measures'. Read more ...

First flight imminent as South African tobacco crop to jet biofuel project earns RSB sustainability approval | Project Solaris,Sunchem,South African Airways,SkyNRG,Alitalia
First flight imminent as South African tobacco crop to jet biofuel project earns RSB sustainability approval
Mon 14 Sep 2015 - The South African 'Project Solaris' initiative that is developing an energy-rich tobacco crop for use as a feedstock for producing aviation biofuel has been awarded certification by the Roundtable on Sustainable Biomaterials (RSB). The project, formally launched in late 2014, has involved RSB from the start so as to ensure its standards have been incorporated into all aspects of the supply chain to ensure environmental and social sustainability. The patented nicotine-free and GMO-free Solaris oil seed is owned by Italian company Sunchem Holdings, and the other main partners in project - Boeing, SkyNRG and South African Airways (SAA) - are planning to use first quantities of jet biofuel produced from the crop within the next few months on a flight between Johannesburg and Cape Town. Sunchem is also planning to launch a similar supply chain in Italy to produce sustainable jet biofuel. Read more ...

Miami International embarks on major $32m two-year energy efficiency project | Miami International Airport,Dallas Fort-Worth Airport
Miami International embarks on major $32m two-year energy efficiency project
Fri 11 Sep 2015 - Miami International Airport (MIA) has launched what it claims to be one of the largest energy-saving programmes ever undertaken in Florida and the eastern United States. Over the next two years, the project will spend $32 million on installing air conditioning and ventilation upgrades, water conservation retrofits, energy-efficient lighting and other green initiatives. It is expected to result in savings of more than $40 million in utility costs over the 14 years of an agreement with Florida-based FPL Services and is part of a commitment to reduce the airport's annual carbon footprint by 20 per cent and water consumption by 28 million gallons. Meanwhile, Dallas-Fort Worth has been newly certified at Level 3 Optimisation under the industry's Airport Carbon Accreditation programme, the highest level so far achieved by a North American airport.  Read more ...

FAA awards $100 million in next CLEEN phase to aid development of green aircraft and biofuel technologies | CLEEN
FAA awards $100 million in next CLEEN phase to aid development of green aircraft and biofuel technologies
Thu 10 Sep 2015 - The US Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has marked the launch of the second phase of its Continuous Lower Energy, Emissions and Noise (CLEEN II) programme by awarding $100 million to eight companies to develop and demonstrate technologies that reduce fuel consumption, emissions and noise. The companies are expected to match or exceed the FAA's investment and so bring the total CLEEN II funding to in excess of $200 million. One of the goals of the second phase is to achieve a 40 per cent reduction in fuel burn relative to the most efficient aircraft in service during the year 2000 and the FAA anticipates that technologies developed under the programme will be on a path for introduction into commercial aircraft by 2026.  Read more ...

UK parliamentary committee opens inquiry into environmental implications of runway expansion | AEF,Airports Commission,Committee on Climate Change,Environmental Audit Committee
UK parliamentary committee opens inquiry into environmental implications of runway expansion
Thu 27 Aug 2015 - As the UK Government deliberates the 340-page report submitted by its own appointed Airports Commission and the recommendation for allowing Heathrow Airport to build a new third runway, the House of Commons' Environmental Audit Committee (EAC) has launched an inquiry into the carbon, air quality and noise implications of airport expansion. The committee has invited submissions - which are required by September 3 - on whether the policies and mitigations proposed by the Commission are realistic and achievable, and what consequences they have for Government policy. NGOs such as the Aviation Environment Federation remain fiercely opposed to a new runway around London and have questioned the Commission's justification that expansion can be achieved within UK aviation carbon emission targets.  Read more ...

Kerala's Cochin makes claim to being the first airport in the world to be fully powered by solar energy | Cochin International Airport,Alice Springs Airport,solar
Kerala's Cochin makes claim to being the first airport in the world to be fully powered by solar energy
Wed 26 Aug 2015 - Cochin International (CIAL) in Kerala, India, claims to be the first airport in the world to be fully operated by solar power following the inauguration of a new 12 megawatt-peak (MWp) solar power plant. Comprising 46,150 solar panels situated on a 45-acre (18ha) site near the cargo complex, along with other solar plants already installed at the airport, around 50,000 to 60,000 units of electricity are expected to be generated daily to cover all power requirements. CIAL installed the first solar plant in March 2013 on the roof of the arrival terminal, producing 100kWp, followed by a 1 MWp plant partly situated on the roof of the aircraft maintenance facility and partly on the ground. Meanwhile, Alice Springs Airport in Australia has announced a A$1.9 million ($1.3m) project to complete one of the largest airport solar systems in the country. Both airports say solar power will enhance the sustainable development of their operations. Read more ...

Heathrow trials steeper approaches for landing aircraft in efforts to reduce noise on the ground | Heathrow,Fly Quiet,HACAN
Heathrow trials steeper approaches for landing aircraft in efforts to reduce noise on the ground
Wed 19 Aug 2015 - London's Heathrow has started trialling steeper approaches for aircraft landing at the airport in efforts to reduce noise for residents on the ground. The international standard set by ICAO for most airports is a glide path of 3 degrees and the trial, which has been approved by the UK Civil Aviation Authority, will involve aircraft approaching at an angle of 3.2 degrees approximately 8 nautical miles (10 miles) from touchdown and will be used on all four runway approaches. The trial, which runs until 16 March 2016, will test whether approaches of up to 3.5 degrees at the airport are possible. Although optional, Heathrow is confident that a large number of airlines with the necessary onboard navigational equipment fitted to their aircraft will take part in the trial. Frankfurt Airport started a similar trial in October 2012, although the results are still being evaluated. Read more ...

Fuel and emissions savings from Sea-Tac Greener Skies precision approach initiative exceed expectations | Alaska Airlines,GreenerSkies,NextGen
Fuel and emissions savings from Sea-Tac Greener Skies precision approach initiative exceed expectations
Mon 17 Aug 2015 - Reductions in fuel burn and emissions from new navigation procedures used by Alaska Airlines on approaches into Seattle-Tacoma International Airport are about 28 per cent greater than was initially projected, finds a Boeing report. Launched in 2010, the 'Greener Skies Over Seattle' initiative is a collaboration under the FAA's NextGen airspace modernisation programme that involves Performance Based Navigation (PBN) procedures and greater use of Optimised Profile Descents to enhance operational efficiency. By comparing a Boeing 737-800 aircraft descent to the airport using Required Navigation Performance (RNP) procedures with a standard approach turn procedure, each arrival can save 589 gallons of fuel and 1,858 pounds (843kg) in emissions, says Boeing. Meanwhile, Alaska has been recognised for its noise reduction and abatement efforts at Sea-Tac with the airport's Fly Quiet Bravo Award for 2014. Read more ...
1 opinion posted

Airport carbon scheme enters seventh year with global ambitions and 125 airports accredited | ACI,Airport Carbon Accreditation
Airport carbon scheme enters seventh year with global ambitions and 125 airports accredited
Fri 14 Aug 2015 - The industry's Airport Carbon Accreditation programme now includes 125 airports in 40 countries as it extends its reach globally, reveals the sixth annual report published by trade body Airports Council International (ACI). First started by ACI's European region in June 2009, the programme has been taken up during the past year by North America so that all ACI regions now have airports reporting and taking steps to reduce carbon emissions. ACI says around 1.7 billion passengers, representing 27.5 per cent of global air passenger traffic, now pass through airports accredited under the programme, which certifies those airports at one of four different levels covering all stages of carbon management. Key facts and figures from the annual report are featured in a newly-launched microsite that also includes an award-winning animation video. Read more ...

Long-term exposure to aircraft emissions causes around 16,000 premature deaths a year, finds MIT study | Massachusetts Institute of Technology,Steven Barrett
Long-term exposure to aircraft emissions causes around 16,000 premature deaths a year, finds MIT study
Fri 7 Aug 2015 - Fine particulate matter and ozone emissions from civil aircraft are responsible for around 16,000 premature deaths annually across the world, according to a study carried out by researchers at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in the US. The team found the greatest impact on air quality and health was caused by emissions in the cruise phase of flights, except in Europe and North America where landing and take-off (LTO) emissions were equally as important in terms of health impact. Assigning a monetary value, it was calculated that premature deaths from long-term exposure to aviation emissions could be costed at around $21 billion a year. The researchers found that air quality costs of aviation were in the same order of magnitude as those from climate and considerably higher than costs from accidents and noise. Read more ...

Major European Airbus operators take steps to avoid A320 whistle noise nuisance | Vortex generator
Major European Airbus operators take steps to avoid A320 whistle noise nuisance
Wed 5 Aug 2015 - Lufthansa has now retrofitted the 100th aircraft belonging to its Airbus 320 family fleet with a noise-reducing component called a vortex generator. Peculiar to this aircraft type, a distinctive high-pitched noise - similar to the sound created when blowing over the mouth of a bottle - is created when air passes over circular pressure equalisation vents for the fuel tanks located under each wing, just before landing gear and flaps are deployed for landing. Complaints have been made across the world by residents surrounding airports - the noise can emanate up to some considerable distance from touch-down. After a number of years of research by Lufthansa and the German Aerospace Center (DLR), a simple 5cm piece of sheet metal mounted upstream of the vents has shown to solve the problem. Other airlines are now carrying out programmes to retrofit their narrow-body Airbus aircraft with the component, including Air France, British Airways and easyJet. Read more ...
2 opinions posted

Fly Green Fund launched to help kick-start sustainable jet fuel market in Nordic region | SkyNRG,KLM,NISA,Karlstad Airport,SAS,Braathens,Swedavia
Fly Green Fund launched to help kick-start sustainable jet fuel market in Nordic region
Tue 4 Aug 2015 - In efforts to kick-start a local sustainable jet fuel market, aviation and biofuel interests in the Nordic countries have launched the Fly Green Fund, which will enable organisations and individuals when taking flights to financially contribute towards the development of aviation biofuel supplies in the region. The fund's founders are Amsterdam-based sustainable aviation biofuel supplier SkyNRG, Karlstad Airport in Sweden, where the region’s first 'bioport' is expected to be established, and the Nordic Initiative on Sustainable Aviation (NISA). Launch partners include Swedavia, SAS, Braathens, KLM and EFS European Flight Service, a leading Scandinavian business aviation company. The fund was announced during a political week held annually in Sweden called Almedalen. Read more ...

United Airlines signs up first corporate customer for its carbon offset programme | United Airlines,Sustainable Travel International,Wyndham
United Airlines signs up first corporate customer for its carbon offset programme
Fri 31 Jul 2015 - Wyndham Worldwide has become the launch partner for United Airlines' Eco-Skies CarbonChoice corporate carbon offset programme. This will enable the hospitality company to track and offset the emissions stemming from its business travel and freight shipments on United at the enterprise level. Participating customers in the programme receive customised carbon emissions reports and can purchase independently verified offsets, effectively allowing them to travel and ship carbon neutral, says United. Through United's partnership with Sustainable Travel International, the offsets enable participants to support projects designed to reduce greenhouse gases as well as provide social and economic benefits to communities where those projects are located. Read more ...

Lufthansa Group records good progress in fuel efficiency performance towards 2020 environmental goal | Lufthansa,Swiss,Germanwings,Austrian Airlines
Lufthansa Group records good progress in fuel efficiency performance towards 2020 environmental goal
Fri 31 Jul 2015 - Absolute carbon emissions from airlines within the Lufthansa Group rose by 0.7 per cent to 27.8 million tonnes in 2014 as a result of increased operations but overall fuel efficiency in passenger transportation continued to improve, reaching a record 3.84 litres per 100 passenger kilometres (l/100 pkm). Specific fuel consumption has been steadily falling on an annual basis and the achievement in 2014 was a 1.6 per cent improvement on the previous year, and therefore ahead of the industry-wide 1.5 per cent short-term annual efficiency target. With jet fuel being its largest individual cost item, the Group last year set up a fuel efficiency unit as part of the new Operations Efficiency & Strategy department that aims to achieve even greater gains. With 272 aircraft expected to join the fleet over the next 10 years, the Group expects new models such as the Airbus A350-900 and Boeing 777-9X to bring specific fuel consumption down to the 3 litre mark. Read more ...

US study finds link between climate and flight times results in higher fuel consumption and emissions | Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution,University of Reading
US study finds link between climate and flight times results in higher fuel consumption and emissions
Fri 24 Jul 2015 - The contribution of emissions from commercial aviation to climate change has been widely researched, although uncertainties still remain over the warming impact of aircraft at altitude. But what effect may a warming planet have on air travel itself? Scientists at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) and the University of Wisconsin Madison believe they have found a connection between climate and longer airline flight times that adds significantly to fuel consumption and emissions. In turn, says WHOI's Kris Karnauskas, who led the study that has just been published in the journal Nature Climate Change, the consequent additional input of CO2 into the atmosphere can feed back and amplify emerging changes in atmospheric circulation. The study looked at every flight between Honolulu and three US West Coast airports over the past 20 years and compared data with flight times and daily wind speeds at cruising altitudes. Read more ...

ATR demonstrator starts flight testing of green regional aircraft technologies as part of Clean Sky initiative | Alenia,ATR,Clean Sky
ATR demonstrator starts flight testing of green regional aircraft technologies as part of Clean Sky initiative
Fri 24 Jul 2015 - The first flight has taken place of the 'green' ATR 72 Flying Demonstrator as part of a European Clean Sky programme to test new and more effective composite insulating materials and acoustic damping on regional aircraft. The demonstrator has been conceived by ATR and its joint shareholder Alenia Aermacchi, and an entire aluminium section of the upper fuselage on the test aircraft has been replaced with an innovative composite panel. Embedded in the panel is a layer to provide additional acoustic damping as well as two different technologies for structural health monitoring (SHM). The overall objective of the initiative, which is expected to include six flights, is to reduce aircraft weight, fuel consumption, noise and CO2 and NOx emissions in regional aircraft. Read more ...

FedEx joins Southwest as airline customers for Red Rock’s woody biomass to renewable jet fuel product | Red Rock Biofuels,FedEx
FedEx joins Southwest as airline customers for Red Rock’s woody biomass to renewable jet fuel product
Thu 23 Jul 2015 - FedEx Express has agreed to purchase three million gallons of renewable jet fuel annually over eight years from Colorado-based Red Rock Biofuels. This matches a similar agreement made in 2014 between the woody biomass to jet fuel company and Southwest Airlines. The two carriers will take Red Rock's total jet fuel production from its new refinery in Lakeview, Oregon, which is expected to come online in 2017 after construction starts later this year. Partly funded by a $70 million grant from the US Departments of Agriculture, Energy and Navy, the $200 million refinery will convert around 140,000 tonnes of locally-sourced woody biomass into 15 million gallons per year of renewable jet, diesel and naphtha fuels. Read more ...

E-Fan cross-Channel flight could herald a green future for hybrid-electric passenger aircraft | Airbus E-Fan,Airbus E-Thrust
E-Fan cross-Channel flight could herald a green future for hybrid-electric passenger aircraft
Thu 23 Jul 2015 - Following in the steps of Louis Bleriot's pioneering cross-Channel flight 106 years ago, the recent flight of Airbus Group's all-electric E-Fan technology demonstrator aircraft in the opposite direction - between Lydd Airport on England's south coast and Calais Airport - could herald a new era in green aviation travel. The E-Fan is a key element in the European aircraft manufacturer's electric aircraft roadmap towards achieving emission-free and almost noiseless flight and is targeting advanced technological breakthroughs that could one day bring hybrid-electric propulsion to passenger aircraft. While Airbus is now working towards commercialisation of two-seater and four-seater versions of the E-Fan, it is also collaborating in a long-term project with Rolls-Royce on a completely new regional aircraft design incorporating a radically more efficient electrical distributed propulsion system that would result in significantly lower fuel consumption, fewer emissions and less noise. Read more ...

Air India hit with UK fine for failing to comply with Aviation EU ETS | Air India,Jet Airways,Saudia,Aeroflot
Air India hit with UK fine for failing to comply with Aviation EU ETS
Thu 16 Jul 2015 - Air India and four other aircraft operators have received civil penalties totalling £95,456 ($150,000) by the UK authorities for non-compliance with the Aviation EU ETS for the year 2012. They were deemed not to have surrendered sufficient allowances to cover their annual reportable emissions by the end of April 2013. Two of the operators have since come into compliance and surrendered allowances for the three years 2012-14 but on government instructions, Air India has so far refused to conform with the scheme. An Indian government official told GreenAir that it was unlikely the airline would pay the penalty and the issue would have to be dealt with at a diplomatic level. Another Indian airline that reports to the UK on the EU ETS, Jet Airways, recently lost an appeal against a similar fine but has since come into compliance and does not appear on the list of penalty notices. Read more ...

Japanese initiative plots map to commercialisation of aviation biofuels in time for 2020 Tokyo Olympics | INAF
Japanese initiative plots map to commercialisation of aviation biofuels in time for 2020 Tokyo Olympics
Wed 15 Jul 2015 - Boeing and a consortium of Japanese aviation and other industry organisations, together with academic and government bodies, have published a roadmap report that aims for commercial production of sustainable aviation biofuels in Japan in time for the 2020 Olympic and Paralympic Games in Tokyo. The report identifies potential raw material and technology routes that could provide sufficient quantities of alternative fuel supplies within the next five years. The roadmap is the result of a year-long study and collaboration by 46 members of the Initiatives for Next Generation Aviation Fuels (INAF) - which includes All Nippon Airways (ANA), Japan Airlines, Nippon Cargo Airlines and the University of Tokyo, as well as Boeing. The report accepts the current price differential with conventional jet fuel is a major barrier to commercialisation and says policy incentives are a prerequisite to success in aviation biofuel use. Read more ...

United becomes second airline investor in US household waste to renewable jet fuel company Fulcrum | United Airlines,Fulcrum,AltAir,Abengoa
United becomes second airline investor in US household waste to renewable jet fuel company Fulcrum
Thu 9 Jul 2015 - In what it describes as the single largest investment by a US airline in alternative aviation fuels, United has taken an equity stake valued at $30 million in waste-to-biofuel company Fulcrum BioEnergy. The two have also agreed to jointly develop up to five projects located near United's hubs that would be expected to produce up to 180 million gallons a year. Subject to availability, United will additionally have the opportunity to purchase at least 90 million gallons of jet biofuel a year for a minimum of 10 years at a price competitive with conventional fuel. This is the second major investment in Fulcrum by an airline, following an agreement signed in August 2014 with Cathay Pacific that included an equity stake and a long-term biofuel supply arrangement. Read more ...

Airports Commission recommends third runway at Heathrow but with environmental conditions attached | Airports Commission
Airports Commission recommends third runway at Heathrow but with environmental conditions attached
Thu 2 Jul 2015 - The UK Government-appointed Airports Commission has come down in favour of a new third northwest runway at London’s Heathrow Airport as providing the best option in terms of benefiting the national economy and international air transport connectivity. However, the Commission recommends a number of measures, some legally enforced, to address Heathrow's impacts on the local environment and communities. These include a night-time ban on scheduled flights between 2330 and 0600, a 'noise envelope' that stipulates no overall increase above current levels, a new aviation noise charge or levy used to compensate local communities, the formation of a community engagement board and an independent aviation noise authority.  Read more ...

BOOKS

Greenhouse Gas Emissions from International Aviation - Legal and Policy Challenges | Alejandro Piera
Greenhouse Gas Emissions from International Aviation - Legal and Policy Challenges
March 2015 - While the aviation sector has introduced a number of technological and operational measures to curb its greenhouse gas emissions, these will not offset the emissions expected from its projected growth. This book by Alejandro Piera examines the legal framework underlying the international aviation and climate change discourse. It analyses the suitability of ICAO's institutional setting to address climate change and provides a critical assessment of the European Union Emission Trading Scheme. Finally, the author makes several recommendations to facilitate the adoption, implementation and, ultimately, compliance with ICAO's global market-based measure scheme to limit greenhouse gas emissions from international aviation. Read more ...

Will Sustainability Fly?  Aviation Fuel Options in a Low-Carbon World
Will Sustainability Fly? Aviation Fuel Options in a Low-Carbon World
February 2015 - The aim of this book, written by former airline pilot Walter J Palmer, is to provide background in technical and policy terms, from the broadest reliable sources of information available, for the necessary discourse on society's reaction to the evolving aviation emissions profile. It considers what policy has been, why and how commercial air travel is committed to its current liquid fuel, how that fuel can be made without using fossil-source materials, and the barriers to change. It also advances some elements of policy remedies that make sense in providing an environmentally and economically sound way forward in a context that comprehends a more complete vision of sustainability than 'renewable fuels' traditionally have. The book should be of interest to academics, policy makers, air industry leaders and stakeholders, and interested members of the public. Read more ...