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1.Civil aviation mourns the passing of Assad Kotaite, ICAO leader, diplomat and visionary
Mon 3 Mar 2014 - Universally recognised as one of the most prominent and respected figures in the world of civil aviation, Dr Assad Kotaite, Council President Emeritus of ICAO, died on 27 February at the age of 89. His career with ICAO began in 1953, and from 1956 to 1970 he was the Representative of Lebanon on the Council of ICAO. In 1970, he was appointed Secretary General of ICAO and then elected President of the Council for eleven successive mandates - from 1976 until his retirement 30 years later in 2006. His tenure is the longest among senior executives in the history of the United Nations system. His environmental involvement included overseeing the development of the Committee on Aircraft Noise, which eventually became the Committee on Aviation Environmental Protection, and the associated introduction of environmental standards by ICAO. Chris Lyle remembers a giant of aviation and a mentor to many.
Published Monday, March 3, 2014 5:33 am

2.Japanese airline ANA announces environmental ground initiatives on de-icing fluids and courtesy vehicles
Thu 24 Feb 2011 - All Nippon Airways (ANA) has placed a major order for what is claimed to be the world's first de-icing fluid based on glycol from a sustainable source. The DFsustain de-icing fluid is manufactured by UK-based Kilfrost, which has been supplying the international aviation industry with de-icing and anti-icing fluids for over 75 years. It has developed the de-icing fluid using the Susterra propanediol non-petroleum alternative glycol created by DuPont Tate and Lyle BioProducts. The product is a corn sugar-derived glycol, which Kilfrost says is not only sustainable but also completely recyclable. As part of the Japanese government-backed Hydrogen Highway Project, ANA is to introduce fuel cell electric vehicles into its fleet of passenger courtesy cars and a two-month trial is now in progress.
Published Thursday, February 24, 2011 10:44 am

3.Kyoto v. Chicago: ICAO debates how to apply the principle of Common But Differentiated Responsibilities to aviation
Mon 18 May 2009 - The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) set up the Group on International Aviation and Climate Change (GIACC) in 2007 to consider all options available to address aviation's contribution to climate change. It was tasked to develop and recommend to the ICAO Council "an aggressive Programme of Action based upon consensus". The 15 members of GIACC convene at the end of this month for a fourth and final meeting but one issue in particular has proved a stubborn obstacle so far in reaching an accord. Chris Lyle examines the underlying conflict between the basic principles that underpin ICAO and its sister UN agency UNFCCC and suggests a way forward.
Published Monday, May 18, 2009 9:46 am

4.A way forward in achieving an acceptable global aviation emissions mitigation framework
Wed 16 July 2008 - The search for an international consensus to tackle the problem of aviation greenhouse gas emissions has so far proved elusive. The UN agency charged with developing a global framework of mitigation measures and targets, ICAO, is attempting to reach an accord to put before the UNFCCC Copenhagen conference in December 2009. Chris Lyle analyses the issues and offers some thoughts on a way forward.
Published Wednesday, July 16, 2008 9:40 am

5.Dealing with aviation’s carbon challenge in the lead up to the Paris climate summit
Fri 13 Mar 2015 - There is a considerable 'wedge gap' between the continuing growth of CO2 emissions from international air transport and their mitigation from technological and operational improvements and the use of alternative fuels. In a decision to address this gap, the ICAO Assembly in 2013 agreed that the Organization should develop a global scheme on market-based measures (MBMs) for consideration by its next Assembly in 2016 and intended implementation from 2020. The critical meeting of the UNFCCC to be held in Paris in December this year will review progress by ICAO and may provide new direction. Chris Lyle discusses this agenda and emphasises a need for more far-reaching and better directed efforts towards a meaningful price on air transport’s carbon emissions.
Published Friday, March 27, 2015 10:53 am

6.How silos can be bridged to achieve a global accord on market-based measures for mitigating aviation carbon emissions
Mon 10 June 2013 - In October 2012, WWF (the World Wide Fund for Nature), concerned with the contribution of aviation emissions to climate change, convened a high-level aviation stakeholders group to "generate new perspectives, identify policy options and trade-offs, and find areas of consensus" in addressing air transport carbon emissions. The exercise was designed to provide helpful input to ICAO and its member States in their ongoing negotiations towards a global accord on mitigation of international aviation emissions. Participants included government ministers and officials from developed and developing countries with responsibilities for aviation, transportation, tourism and the environment; global, regional and national aviation industry representatives; the tourism sector; and NGOs. Chris Lyle, an invited stakeholder straddling air transport and tourism, gives his individual take on the exercise so far and the next steps.
Published Monday, June 10, 2013 7:43 am

7.Air New Zealand and Virgin Australia go in search of opportunities for locally-produced aviation biofuels
Wed 16 Mar 2016 - Air New Zealand and Virgin Australia have joined forces to investigate the options for developing locally-produced aviation biofuels and have issued a Request for Information (RFI) to potential interested parties. The trans-Tasman alliance partners say they are looking to develop a sustainable aviation biofuel supply in the region that delivers environmental, social and economic benefits. With a test flight in December 2008, Air New Zealand became the world's first airline to use a second-generation sustainable aviation biofuel. The two-hour Boeing 747 flight used a 50/50 blend of jatropha oil sourced from Africa and India in one of its four engines and the airline had ambitions for a major uptake of sustainable aviation fuels that did not materialise. Virgin Australia too has announced sustainable biofuel initiatives in the past, including a Western Australia venture involving biomass sourced from mallee trees.
Published Wednesday, March 16, 2016 9:46 am

8.Beyond CORSIA: Towards a robust strategy for mitigation of international air transport emissions
Mon 24 July 2017 - Last October, ICAO's Assembly adopted a framework for the global Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation (CORSIA), a market-based measure to add to the 'basket' of technical and operational emissions mitigation measures already in hand. CORSIA is being designed as the primary tool towards an aspirational goal of carbon-neutral growth (CNG) of international aviation worldwide from 2020, with full effectiveness between 2027 and 2035. Even with full implementation, however, ICAO's basket of measures will not actually produce a reduction in global aviation emissions, which will continue to grow. For more ambitious countries, Chris Lyle proposes a more stringent but complementary approach, using the CORSIA database and monitoring, reporting and verification (MRV) procedures directly within the compass of the Paris Agreement.
Published Monday, July 24, 2017 11:37 am

9.Rio, Kyoto, Brussels and Chicago: Reconciling principles related to international air transport emissions
Fri 27 July 2012 – Last month’s Rio+20 summit was notable for its lack of ambition and goals although it did reaffirm the principle of ‘common but differentiated responsibilities’ (CBDR), despite recorded objections from Japan and the United States. The principle evolved under the Kyoto Protocol into responsibility for pursuing limitation or reduction of GHGs falling on the industrialised States, not the developing world. Reconciling this with the ICAO non-discrimination principle has proved extremely difficult in moves towards a global agreement through the UN agency on mitigating international aviation emissions. However, as an ICAO Ad hoc Working Group makes progress on an all-important market-based mechanism to limit the growth of net emissions, consensus needs to be found on a global model that reflects the differing circumstances of States. The concept of differentiation by route grouping has come under consideration at ICAO. Chris Lyle (right) explains how this might work in practice, and also looks at the formidable challenges that still lie ahead.
Published Friday, July 27, 2012 3:26 am

10.Rio, Kyoto, Brussels and Chicago: Reconciling principles related to international air transport emissions
Fri 27 July 2012 – Last month’s Rio+20 summit was notable for its lack of ambition and goals although it did reaffirm the principle of ‘common but differentiated responsibilities’ (CBDR), despite recorded objections from Japan and the United States. The principle evolved under the Kyoto Protocol into responsibility for pursuing limitation or reduction of GHGs falling on the industrialised States, not the developing world. Reconciling this with the ICAO non-discrimination principle has proved extremely difficult in moves towards a global agreement through the UN agency on mitigating international aviation emissions. However, as an ICAO Ad hoc Working Group makes progress on an all-important market-based mechanism to limit the growth of net emissions, consensus needs to be found on a global model that reflects the differing circumstances of States. The concept of differentiation by route grouping has come under consideration at ICAO. Chris Lyle (right) explains how this might work in practice, and also looks at the formidable challenges that still lie ahead.
Published Wednesday, August 1, 2012 8:38 am

11.Mitigating international air transport emissions through a global measure: Time for some lateral thinking
Thu, 6 Feb 2014 - The ICAO Assembly last October reached what was hailed as a "historic agreement" on market-based measures (MBMs) to fill the 'wedge gap' between the continuing growth of CO2 emissions from international air transport and their mitigation from technological and operational improvements and the use of alternative fuels. This accord was essentially a decision for ICAO to develop a global MBM scheme for consideration by the next Assembly in 2016 and intended implementation from 2020. However, the relevant climate change resolution couched this in terms that offer several loopholes, with continuing fundamental differences on both the goal of carbon-neutral growth from 2020 and guiding principles. The resolution was also subject to numerous 'reservations', a provision whereby individual States indicate they will not commit to a clause or clauses. Chris Lyle (above) takes a 'big picture' look at the agreement in the context of the geopolitical influences at work, and suggests ways of resolving key differences as well as a modified approach to the global ambition.
Published Thursday, February 6, 2014 12:15 pm

12.European airlines nervous as international demands for Europe to exclude foreign airlines from EU ETS continue to grow
Fri 19 Aug 2011 - Trade associations representing Europe's leading network and regional carriers have called on the European Commission to urgently address the growing international pressure, particularly from the United States, for the EU Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS) to drop the inclusion of airlines from outside Europe. The Association of European Airlines (AEA) said that with just five months before the start there was now considerable uncertainty on the scheme's future. In the face of a threatened international withdrawal, the European Regions Airline Association (ERA) said the scheme must apply to all airlines, regardless of origin, or none. Following the introduction of the proposed legislative Bill in the US House of Representatives forbidding US airlines to participate, a hearing of the House Aviation Subcommittee took place on July 27. China and Russia are also understood to be discussing countermeasures of their own.
Published Friday, August 19, 2011 12:04 pm

13.European airlines nervous as international demands for Europe to exclude foreign airlines from EU ETS continue to grow
Fri 19 Aug 2011 - Trade associations representing Europe's leading network and regional carriers have called on the European Commission to urgently address the growing international pressure, particularly from the United States, for the EU Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS) to drop the inclusion of airlines from outside Europe. The Association of European Airlines (AEA) said that with just five months before the start there was now considerable uncertainty on the scheme's future. In the face of a threatened international withdrawal, the European Regions Airline Association (ERA) said the scheme must apply to all airlines, regardless of origin, or none. Following the introduction of the proposed legislative Bill in the US House of Representatives forbidding US airlines to participate, a hearing of the House Aviation Subcommittee took place on July 27. China and Russia are also understood to be discussing countermeasures of their own.
Published Wednesday, December 14, 2011 8:07 am

14.Mitigation of international aviation emissions: The flightpath from Paris to Montreal
Tue 12 Jan 2016 - The COP21 climate summit last month produced a remarkable global consensus on the mitigation of anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions and adaptation to their residual impact. Specific text addressing international aviation and shipping emissions was cut from the Paris Agreement during the meeting - seemingly with cursory consultation at most - and proved too difficult to reintroduce in the pressures of the final hours. But the Agreement embodies several features, notably increased ambition, which will serve to guide continuing work on mitigation of aviation emissions through ICAO. Of particular relevance is the development by ICAO of a global market-based measure (MBM) for consideration by the 39th Session of its Assembly later this year and intended implementation from 2020. Chris Lyle reviews some implications of the Paris Agreement for ICAO's undertaking.
Published Tuesday, January 12, 2016 7:23 am

15.Is success in sight for a global agreement on an effective economic measure to address international aviation emissions?
Thu 30 June 2016 - In the 18 years since being given a mandate under the Kyoto Protocol for reduction or limitation of greenhouse gas emissions from international civil aviation, ICAO has pursued a 'basket of measures' for mitigation, with significant effectiveness on the technical and operational side, but the UN agency has made limited progress on a vital global market-based measure (MBM). Following an intense period of activity, with the added stimulus of last December's UNFCCC Paris Agreement, ICAO's governing Council has now developed a framework for a Carbon Offset and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation (CORSIA), to be submitted to the ICAO Assembly in September. Chris Lyle reviews the substance of the proposal, the issues yet to be resolved, the prospects for adoption by the Assembly and subsequent implementation, and the adequacy of the likely contribution to global GHG emissions mitigation, suggesting possible means of achieving greater ambition.
Published Thursday, June 30, 2016 5:41 am

16.Aviation and climate change: what now for a global approach?
Mon 24 Jan 2011 - The outcomes of the ICAO Assembly in Montreal last October and the UNFCCC's COP 16 in Cancun in December were greeted with cautious optimism. Agreements were reached in both forums, specific to international aviation in the case of ICAO and looking at the totality of GHG emissions by COP 16. Both ICAO's Assembly Resolution and the Cancun Agreements were, though, incomplete and fragmented. Nevertheless, the results provide building blocks for progress and, as far as international aviation is concerned, ICAO is now firmly in the pilot's seat. Chris Lyle provides a timely strategic overview of the status of efforts towards a global approach to regulating greenhouse gas emissions from aviation.
Published Monday, January 24, 2011 12:15 pm

17.Climate czar concedes that aviation CO2 emissions could form a quarter of total UK output by 2050
Fri 8 May 2009 - The UK Government's policies on aviation and climate change came under scrutiny this week at an evidence session of the House of Commons Transport Committee. Lord Adair Turner, Chairman of the Committee on Climate Change (CCC), said that if aviation CO2 emissions remained flat they could make up a quarter of the UK's total under the Government's pledge to reduce overall CO2 emissions by 80 percent by 2050. At the same hearing, Lord Chris Smith, Chairman of the Environment Agency, said he did not believe passengers and airlines were paying enough to cover their environmental impact.
Published Friday, May 8, 2009 11:38 am

18.Air traffic control improvements are key to cutting aviation emissions in the short term, finds new Oxford study
Wed 10 Feb 2010 - Biofuels could reduce pollution and better technology boost efficiency but neither will have the global impact that improved flight management could achieve, says a new report by the Smith School of Enterprise and the Environment at the University of Oxford. Dr Chris Carey, the Smith School's aviation expert, says the most obvious target for improving efficiency in aviation is engines - the source of emissions - but major technological innovations are a massive financial risk and new, more efficient aircraft are slow to reach the market. However, in a best-case scenario, which foresees major advances in aircraft technology, a high take-up in jet biofuels and a fully integrated global air traffic management system, aviation emissions could be cut by up to 95 percent by 2050.
Published Wednesday, February 10, 2010 9:41 am

19.Aviation after Copenhagen: ICAO must now develop a bold strategic vision
Fri 5 Feb 2010 - With the dust now settling on the UNFCCC COP 15 meeting in Copenhagen, Chris Lyle takes a strategic look at the implications for aviation. Whilst the aviation industry has tried to put a positive spin on the result, it did not achieve some of the key goals it set for a post-Kyoto framework, notably treatment of aviation as a sector. ICAO's aims for Copenhagen were less defined but there was a lack of progress towards reconciliation of the divergence between the UNFCCC principle of CBDR amongst countries and principles in aviation's Chicago Convention of non-discrimination amongst operators. To sustain credibility, ICAO must now be bold and wrest back leadership by developing workable economic instruments and specific targets within an unambiguous framework.
Published Friday, February 5, 2010 10:09 am

20.Will ICAO States at last deliver a meaningful global agreement on mitigating international aviation emissions?
Mon 2 Sept 2013 - Later this month the triennial ICAO Assembly will address mitigation of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from international air transport for the sixth time since the Kyoto Protocol was adopted, the fifth time since the publication of the IPCC Special Report on Aviation and the Global Atmosphere, and the third time since the Kyoto Protocol came into force. The not inconsiderable technological and operational improvements over the past 16 years since its adoption have proved nowhere near sufficient to reduce aviation emissions in absolute terms - or even to maintain them at current levels - but ICAO States have been unable to achieve consensus on the additional mitigation measures necessary. Can we finally expect a comprehensive global agreement to realise Kyoto's "through ICAO" mandate? Chris Lyle (right) outlines the context, the key issues, and the prospects for an end game.
Published Monday, September 2, 2013 10:26 am

21.Will ICAO States at last deliver a meaningful global agreement on mitigating international aviation emissions?
Mon 2 Sept 2013 - Later this month the triennial ICAO Assembly will address mitigation of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from international air transport for the sixth time since the Kyoto Protocol was adopted, the fifth time since the publication of the IPCC Special Report on Aviation and the Global Atmosphere, and the third time since the Kyoto Protocol came into force. The not inconsiderable technological and operational improvements over the past 16 years since its adoption have proved nowhere near sufficient to reduce aviation emissions in absolute terms - or even to maintain them at current levels - but ICAO States have been unable to achieve consensus on the additional mitigation measures necessary. Can we finally expect a comprehensive global agreement to realise Kyoto's "through ICAO" mandate? Chris Lyle (left) outlines the context, the key issues, and the prospects for an end game.
Published Wednesday, September 25, 2013 1:20 pm

22.The control of aviation emissions reaches a critical juncture
Fri 24 July 2009 - With less than six months to the crucial UNFCCC summit in Copenhagen and calls by world leaders for international aviation to be included in a post-Kyoto Agreement, there is a need to distill the number of proposals that have been put forward and gauge their potential to offer a satisfactory outcome to the challenge that has so far proved elusive. Chris Lyle provides a comparative analysis of evolving positions in ICAO, IATA and other groupings in the context of the December meeting, along with a review of the draft negotiating texts for Copenhagen related to international aviation, and outlines some next steps.
Published Friday, July 24, 2009 6:21 am

23.Targeting airspace efficiency: how air traffic management can play its part in reducing aviation emissions
Thu 9 Apr 2009 - Emissions reductions are firmly on the agenda for the UNFCCC Copenhagen talks at the end of this year and aviation is expected to be included. The Civil Air Navigation Services Organisation (CANSO) is playing its part by targeting airspace efficiency and, therefore, reducing airline fuel burn. On average, air traffic management (ATM) is currently 92-94 percent efficient overall and the goal is to reach 96 percent by 2050. Chris Goater explains why this seemingly modest target is highly challenging and both technically and politically difficult.
Published Thursday, April 9, 2009 6:31 am

24.ICAO Council meets to hammer out a compromise on implementing a global MBM to limit growth of aviation emissions
Tue 3 Sept 2013 - As negotiations continue at ICAO on an agreement to implement a global market-based mechanism (MBM) to reduce the net growth of international aviation emissions, there are signs that progress is being made towards a compromise that has the backing of a number of important States, including the United States, those from the EU and possibly China. However, it is believed the wording of the resolution being prepared for the upcoming ICAO Assembly later this month stops short of agreement to adopt a global MBM but merely that a scheme be developed for a decision in 2016. The draft resolution, to be discussed at a special meeting of the ICAO Council tomorrow (Sept 4), is said to carry a US-led proposal that would allow the EU to re-include intercontinental flights into the EU ETS on an airspace limitation basis pending a global scheme. Trade body Airlines for America said it was opposed to such a move.
Published Tuesday, September 3, 2013 10:56 am

25.ICAO Council meets to hammer out a compromise on implementing a global MBM to limit growth of aviation emissions
Tue 3 Sept 2013 - As negotiations continue at ICAO on an agreement to implement a global market-based mechanism (MBM) to reduce the net growth of international aviation emissions, there are signs that progress is being made towards a compromise that has the backing of a number of important States, including the United States, those from the EU and possibly China. However, it is believed the wording of the resolution being prepared for the upcoming ICAO Assembly later this month stops short of agreement to adopt a global MBM but merely that a scheme be developed for a decision in 2016. The draft resolution, to be discussed at a special meeting of the ICAO Council tomorrow (Sept 4), is said to carry a US-led proposal that would allow the EU to re-include intercontinental flights into the EU ETS on an airspace limitation basis pending a global scheme. Trade body Airlines for America said it was opposed to such a move.
Published Wednesday, September 25, 2013 1:20 pm

26.New UK aviation strategy must address the sector's environmental impact, pledges government
Mon 24 July 2017 - The UK government has opened an eighteen-month consultation into the long-term future of aviation in the UK and has pledged that any new strategy must address the impact of the sector on local communities and the environment. Transport Secretary Chris Grayling said a vision was required that looked beyond a new runway at Heathrow, and a thriving sector would be central to the UK's future prosperity in a post-Brexit world. In the wide-ranging consultation into the technological, security, environmental and passenger service challenges ahead, the government is also looking for views on possible new forms of compensation for noise or designing targets for noise reduction. Meanwhile, Heathrow Airport has announced 700 local homes most affected by aircraft noise will be offered bespoke noise insulation free of charge.
Published Monday, July 24, 2017 10:44 am

27.NATS to install new radar system at Edinburgh Airport to mitigate impact of new wind farm
Fri 20 Nov 2015 - UK air traffic services provider NATS is to install and operate a new radar system at Edinburgh Airport that will totally mitigate the impact of an upcoming wind farm development located around 20 miles (32km) southwest of the airport. NATS has signed a contract with developer Muirhall Energy to cover the 25-year design life of the Tormywheel Wind Farm, which will feature 15 turbines capable of generating 34MW of renewable energy. Wind turbines can cause radar interference whereby the blades appear as 'clutter' on radar screens and can be mistaken for aircraft. This is usually addressed by 'blanking' out the area, which while effective is not considered a long-term sustainable solution.
Published Friday, November 20, 2015 8:43 am

28.Collaborative tool developed by Airways New Zealand delivers significant savings in emissions and costs
Wed 13 Jan 2010 - New Zealand's air navigation services provider Airways New Zealand has revealed that its Collaborative Arrivals Manager (CAM) tool has helped to reduce CO2 emissions by around 32 million kilos during 2009 across the total New Zealand fleet, comprising Air New Zealand, Pacific Blue and Jet Star. It has also contributed to fuel savings for airlines of NZ$15 million (US$11m) over the year. CAM enables airlines to jointly agree on priority flights and reschedule their services by matching demand to capacity and avoid congestion at the country's three main trunk airports. The ANSP says holding patterns in the air and engine idling on the ground have been significantly reduced.
Published Wednesday, January 13, 2010 12:55 pm

29.Newquay Airport claims UK first with carbon offsetting scheme covering all terminal and airfield operations
Fri 21 Aug 2009 - Newquay Cornwall Airport, located in England's far southwest, says it is the first in the UK to introduce a carbon offsetting scheme that will cover all terminal and airfield operations. A new fund is being set up which will receive an annual payment from the airport that will enable it to achieve carbon-neutral status, five years ahead of a commitment made in its Masterplan published in June this year. The airport, owned by Cornwall Council, has entered into an agreement with the Eden Project, a well-known Cornish eco attraction in which plant species from around the world are grown in giant greenhouses, or biomes.
Published Friday, August 21, 2009 6:03 am

30.Leading Middle East carriers step up their responsibilities towards environmental sustainability
Wed 29 July 2009 - Qatar Airways has been elected as a member of the International Air Transport Association's Environment Committee (ENCOM), which advises the relevant IATA bodies on environmental matters and acts a focal point for other IATA airline members. Qatar says its appointment is an acknowledgement of the airline's achievements and contribution towards environmental sustainability. Bahrain's national carrier, Gulf Air, has signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the country's environment agency on a range of environmental practice initiatives to be carried out by the airline.
Published Wednesday, July 29, 2009 10:02 am

31.Environment is the new imperative, aviation industry delegates to air navigation conference are told
Fri 14 Nov 2008 - The aviation industry must accelerate implementation of advanced airspace management technologies to counteract pressure from a public increasingly concerned about the environment, delegates to a Seattle conference on Performance Based Navigation (PBN) were told earlier this week. PBN relies on GPS guidance and advanced flight management systems to guide aircraft on very precise vertical and horizontal tracks, enabling them to take more efficient routes and save both fuel and emissions
Published Friday, November 14, 2008 1:21 pm

32.Surveys find conflicting attitudes by the travelling public to climate change and the environment
Fri 10 Oct 2008 - A survey carried out by travel portal Trivago found its European members had different reactions to travel and global warming. Only 16 percent of Britons changed their travel plans due to climate change, with 80 percent of respondents saying they were sceptical about global warming and 40 percent believing it was just media hype. The Italians, in comparison, are less cynical about climate change but also less likely to change their travel habits.
Published Friday, October 10, 2008 1:01 pm

33.New technology and operational efficiencies help easyJet reduce emissions below 80 grams per passenger/km
Tue 23 May 2017 - Fuel efficiency gains at Europe's second-largest airline easyJet have resulted in carbon emissions per passenger kilometre falling below 80 grams for the first time and are on track to be reduced by a third in 20 years, it says. The low-cost carrier attributes the milestone to improving technology and a continued long-term focus on reducing weight and improving operating efficiency. Since it began reporting on carbon emissions in 2000, easyJet's emissions have reduced from 116.2 grams to 79.98 grams - a reduction of 31 per cent. It is now targeting a further reduction to around 77 grams by 2020 as new Airbus A320neo aircraft join the fleet.
Published Tuesday, May 23, 2017 12:05 pm

34.UK aviation industry says 2050 CO2 targets can be met while still accommodating significant demand growth
Fri 9 Dec 2016 - As government assesses the impact of airport expansion on long-term national carbon targets, the UK industry group Sustainable Aviation (SA) has released a comprehensive update of its CO2 Road-Map, first published in 2012. The general thrust of UK aviation policy is for CO2 emissions from the sector to be no more in 2050 than they were in 2005. To date, UK aviation demand has grown 11 per cent since 2005 while emissions are below 2005 levels, but is expected to accelerate and emissions, according to SA, could rise by 155 per cent under a 'no-improvements' scenario. However, even with an increase in runway capacity, SA's updated roadmap shows that with a combination of changes to operations, improvements in aircraft technology and the introduction of alternative fuels, gross CO2 emissions could peak around 2035 before falling back to near 2005 levels by 2050. To achieve an industry target of halving 2005 emissions by 2050 though would require market-based measures, says SA.
Published Friday, December 9, 2016 11:08 am

35.Finnair and Qatar Airways announce they are to join the Aviation Global Deal climate policy group
Tue 5 May 2009 - Finnair and Qatar Airways are joining the Aviation Global Deal (AGD) Group that was set up in February to develop a global policy for tackling aviation emissions. Both airlines say that unilateral emissions schemes are not the answer to reducing the industry's emissions and a solution must be global. They join Air France - KLM, British Airways, Cathay Pacific, Virgin Atlantic, airport operator BAA and international NGO The Climate Group. Last month, the AGD Group presented their ideas during a UNFCCC session in Bonn.
Published Tuesday, May 5, 2009 9:15 am

36.Jatropha-based biofuel cleared for take-off on Air New Zealand test flight early next month
Thu 13 Nov 2008 - Air New Zealand and Boeing have announced that the world's first flight using a second-generation biofuel will take place from Auckland on December 3. Derived from sustainably grown jatropha sourced from south-eastern Africa and India, the crude oil was converted to biojet fuel using UOP's processing technology. According to Rolls-Royce, the biofuel has met or exceeded all technical specifications during laboratory testing.
Published Thursday, November 13, 2008 10:06 am

37.IATA chief attacks South African government over proposals to introduce carbon tax on aviation from 2012
Mon 9 May 2011 - IATA Director General and CEO Giovanni Bisignani has strongly criticised proposals by the South African government to introduce a carbon tax in 2012 that would include aviation. Speaking on a visit to the country, he said South Africa's opposition to Europe's "illegal" inclusion of aviation in its emissions trading scheme from next year had been "absolutely correct" and he therefore found it hard to understand why the government was now considering its own unilateral carbon tax scheme. "This must be stopped," he demanded. The South African National Treasury is still mulling the impact of the tax and plans to finalise details mid-year and publish a tax policy paper for stakeholder review by November, with a formal announcement expected in its February 2012 budget speech.
Published Monday, May 9, 2011 9:59 am

38.ASTM raises FAME limits following cross-contamination concerns over biodiesel traces in jet fuel
Fri 20 Feb 2015 - The increased global use of biodiesel in ground transport has proved a headache for jet fuel suppliers and aero engine manufacturers as the two fuels are often transported in the same multi-product pipeline and distribution systems, so leading to cross-contamination. Biodiesel is made up of a bio-component called FAME, traces of which can adhere to pipe and tank walls as the biodiesel passes through and then released to the following product, which may be jet fuel. At high enough concentrations, FAME can impact the thermal stability and freezing point of jet fuel, which could result in engine operability problems and possible engine flame-out. Up till now, the maximum FAME contamination of jet fuel was set at 5 parts per million (ppm) but after testing by fuel and engine experts, ASTM has raised the limit to 50 ppm. Biodiesel is not to be confused with green diesel, which is currently undergoing an ASTM process to allow its use as an approved jet fuel.
Published Friday, February 20, 2015 10:28 am

39.Thomson Airways to become first UK sustainable jet biofuels operator as it announces start of weekly flights
Fri 1 July 2011 - UK holiday airline Thomson Airways is to operate the UK's first sustainable biofuel commercial flight at the end of this month and start regular weekly flights from September on routes from Birmingham. A 50/50 blend of used cooking oil and regular jet kerosene is being supplied by Netherlands-based SkyNRG, which has sourced the biofuel from Dynamic Fuels in the United States. It will be the same blend of fuel as that used on a KLM flight from Amsterdam to Paris earlier this week. Thomson called on the UK and EU governments to help reduce the significant premium of sustainable aviation biofuels over conventional fuels by incentivising investment. Welcoming the airline's announcement and the aviation industry's drive towards technological change, UK Aviation Minister Theresa Villiers said the fuels had a role to play in efforts to tackle climate change.
Published Friday, July 1, 2011 3:46 am

40.Thomson Airways to become first UK sustainable jet biofuels operator as it announces start of weekly flights
Fri 1 July 2011 - UK holiday airline Thomson Airways is to operate the UK's first sustainable biofuel commercial flight at the end of this month and start regular weekly flights from September on routes from Birmingham. A 50/50 blend of used cooking oil and regular jet kerosene is being supplied by Netherlands-based SkyNRG, which has sourced the biofuel from Dynamic Fuels in the United States. It will be the same blend of fuel as that used on a KLM flight from Amsterdam to Paris earlier this week. Thomson called on the UK and EU governments to help reduce the significant premium of sustainable aviation biofuels over conventional fuels by incentivising investment. Welcoming the airline's announcement and the aviation industry's drive towards technological change, UK Aviation Minister Theresa Villiers said the fuels had a role to play in efforts to tackle climate change.
Published Thursday, July 5, 2012 5:57 am

41.Washington State announces forest biomass pilot project proposal to create jet biofuel from wood waste
Wed 12 Jan 2011 - Legislation has been proposed to establish a Washington State Department of Natural Resources (DNR) forest biomass pilot project that would create jet fuel from wood waste and mill residue. The announcement was made by Commissioner of Public Lands Peter Goldmark at the Pacific West Biomass Conference in Seattle. The bill would also convene a stakeholder group to develop a strategy for moving a sustainable biofuel industry forward, says DNR. The initiative comes after a six-month project to assess the potential of a sustainable aviation fuels industry in the Pacific Northwest was started in July 2010 by local aviation interests and other stakeholders. Three airports - Seattle-Tacoma, Spokane International and Portland International - along with Alaska Airlines and Seattle-based Boeing funded a four-state regional assessment to look at biomass options and possible sources for creating renewable jet fuel.
Published Wednesday, January 12, 2011 9:51 am

42.Washington State announces forest biomass pilot project proposal to create jet biofuel from wood waste
Wed 12 Jan 2011 - Legislation has been proposed to establish a Washington State Department of Natural Resources (DNR) forest biomass pilot project that would create jet fuel from wood waste and mill residue. The announcement was made by Commissioner of Public Lands Peter Goldmark at the Pacific West Biomass Conference in Seattle. The bill would also convene a stakeholder group to develop a strategy for moving a sustainable biofuel industry forward, says DNR. The initiative comes after a six-month project to assess the potential of a sustainable aviation fuels industry in the Pacific Northwest was started in July 2010 by local aviation interests and other stakeholders. Three airports - Seattle-Tacoma, Spokane International and Portland International - along with Alaska Airlines and Seattle-based Boeing funded a four-state regional assessment to look at biomass options and possible sources for creating renewable jet fuel.
Published Thursday, March 3, 2011 2:12 pm

43.GreenAir Newsletter 13 March 2015
Published Friday, March 13, 2015 10:55 am

44.Eurocontrol holds workshop to address industry concerns over costs of compliance with EU ETS
Tue 3 Mar 2009 - A workshop has been hosted by Eurocontrol to address concerns by aircraft operators over the administrative costs they are likely to face as a result of the monitoring, reporting and verification (MRV) of emissions required by the EU directive incorporating aviation into the EU Emissions Trading Scheme for flights arriving or departing the EU from 2012. Airline representatives also called for the compliance process to avoid complexity and for the exchange of traffic and emissions data to remain confidential.
Published Tuesday, March 3, 2009 11:52 am

45.Liese secures Parliament mandate to back EU ETS airspace proposal and sets sights on revenue earmarking
Thu 30 Jan 2014 - The Environment Committee (ENVI) of the European Parliament today voted 49-6 in favour of supporting the European Commission's EU ETS airspace proposal that aims to include emissions within EU/EEA airspace from all flights to, from and within Europe. The committee also passed amendments to the proposal that seek to restrict the airspace scope until 2016 rather than until 2020, as suggested by the Commission, plus the introduction into the directive of a legally binding commitment by EU member states to earmark EU ETS auction revenues for climate-related funding. The vote provides a mandate for the EU ETS directive's rapporteur, Peter Liese, to negotiate with the Commission and member states, through the European Council, on the legislation. Member states are largely against the proposal and favour a continuation of the 'Stop the Clock' (STC) approach that restricted emissions coverage to intra-EU/EEA flights only during 2012, as do MEPs on the industry and transport committees (ITRE and TRAN), and tough trilogue discussions are expected during February and March to seek an agreement.
Published Thursday, January 30, 2014 10:15 am

46.Melbourne Airport releases its five-year strategy to shape environmental objectives
Wed 30 Apr 2008 - As part of the lease agreement with the Federal Government and in compliance with The Airports Act, Australia Pacific Airports (Melbourne) (APAM) - the operator of Melbourne Airport - has released its Airport Environment Strategy 2008, which outlines activities that will be undertaken to ensure the long term sustainability of the environment in and around Melbourne Airport.
Published Wednesday, April 30, 2008 11:18 am

47.EU proposal to unilaterally regulate international flights in EU ETS puts global scheme at risk, says 'shocked' IATA
Fri 20 Dec 2013 - The proposal by the European Commission to include international aviation in its ETS without international consultation could re-open the threat of trade wars and distract States from focusing on working together to develop a global market-based climate scheme, says IATA. Following the agreement by ICAO States in October to develop a market-based measure and a rejection of unilaterally-imposed national or regional schemes, "it was with disbelief and shock that we received the news that Europe is returning to its misguided intentions," Director General Tony Tyler told journalists. The future direction of the Aviation EU ETS remains uncertain, with leading EU States rejecting the Commission's airspace proposals in favour of a continuation of the intra-EU Stop-the-Clock scope. This week, the European Parliament's environment committee debated the issue, showing up disagreements between MEPs.
Published Friday, December 20, 2013 1:49 am

48.Delay to certification of aviation jet biofuels may damage investor confidence, claims Lufthansa
Mon 14 Feb 2011 - The approval of Bio-SPK jet fuels for use in commercial aircraft operations is not now expected until the middle of the year at earliest and could possibly be delayed until the end of 2011, says the FAA representative on the ASTM International committee responsible for certifying the fuels. Approval had been expected by now but concerns were raised during an ASTM meeting in December, said to be made by an engine manufacturer, which will require further testing to be carried out. The delay has angered Lufthansa, Europe's biggest airline, which planned this spring to become the first airline to introduce biofuel blended jet fuel on regular commercial passenger flights. A first shipment of jatropha jet biofuel was ready for delivery to Hamburg from Neste Oil's Porvoo facility in Finland, said the airline.
Published Monday, February 14, 2011 11:14 am

49.Delay to certification of aviation jet biofuels may damage investor confidence, claims Lufthansa
Mon 14 Feb 2011 - The approval of Bio-SPK jet fuels for use in commercial aircraft operations is not now expected until the middle of the year at earliest and could possibly be delayed until the end of 2011, says the FAA representative on the ASTM International committee responsible for certifying the fuels. Approval had been expected by now but concerns were raised during an ASTM meeting in December, said to be made by an engine manufacturer, which will require further testing to be carried out. The delay has angered Lufthansa, Europe's biggest airline, which planned this spring to become the first airline to introduce biofuel blended jet fuel on regular commercial passenger flights. A first shipment of jatropha jet biofuel was ready for delivery to Hamburg from Neste Oil's Porvoo facility in Finland, said the airline.
Published Thursday, March 3, 2011 2:09 pm

50.Active engagement with communities required to realize environmental benefits of advanced navigation technology
Fri 19 Nov 2010 - GE has extended its Performance-based Navigation (PBN) services in South America and China that will enable airlines to use optimized flight paths to operate in difficult weather conditions and terrains as well as shorten flight distances to reduce fuel burn and emissions. The company has been selected by LAN Airlines to design and deploy a Required Navigation Performance (RNP) network at Lima Jorge Chavez International Airport and four other airports in Peru, Chile and Ecuador. GE has also installed RNP flight paths at Lijiang Airport in China. PBN technology can achieve significant environmental and economic benefits but community noise reduction, fuel savings and reductions in CO2 emissions will not materialize if aviation stakeholders fail to successfully engage communities around airports in the process, delegates to the Global PBN Summit held last month were told.
Published Friday, November 19, 2010 1:29 pm

51.GE Aviation's flight management technology to be trialled on European and US emissions reduction programmes
Tue 10 Aug 2010 - As part of a consortium led by LFV Sweden, GE Aviation is to play an active role in the EU-US AIRE Green Connections project to validate how existing technology can be better utilized and how ground-based operations can be improved to reduce air travel. Under the project, GE Aviation will provide the onboard flight management system (FMS) to predict the optimum flight path for aircraft and facilitate controlled time of arrivals at airports, through Required Navigation Performance (RNP) routes using technology developed by GE's Naverus business. Evaluations will be carried out on hundreds of SAS commercial flights to Stockholm-Arlanda Airport from later this year and run for 10 months. In June, GE was awarded a contract under the FAA's CLEEN programme that will see similar FMS technology flight demonstrations in the US involving Alaska Airlines.
Published Wednesday, August 11, 2010 3:47 am

52.Arab air carriers welcome ICAO fuel efficiency targets but criticize de minimis exemption and EU ETS
Wed 27 Oct 2010 - The environmental challenge facing the aviation industry and the implications of the recent ICAO Assembly resolution on climate change were widely discussed at last week's Annual General Meeting of the Arab Air Carriers Organization (AACO) in Cairo. AACO members adopted a resolution welcoming the efficiency goals agreed by ICAO states at the Assembly and that there should be recognition of the different and special circumstances of developing nations. Arab carriers were particularly keen that any future market-based measures should recognize past investment made in new fuel-efficient aircraft by the region. In a keynote address, ICAO Secretary General Raymond Benjamin praised the contribution of Arab carriers in the fight against climate change and called the path to the ICAO agreement a "watershed". Also addressing the meeting, IATA Director General Giovanni Bisignani said the region's average fleet age of 11 years compared to the industry average of 13 years was contributing to improved global fuel efficiency.
Published Wednesday, October 27, 2010 1:14 pm

53.Gatwick and Heathrow battle it out over future compliance with UK and EU air quality targets
Fri 31 Oct 2014 - In the contest between London's two biggest airports as to which should be allowed to build a new runway, Gatwick is now taking the fight to Heathrow over the air quality records of the two airports. Gatwick claims that unlike its rival, it has never breached EU and UK annual air quality limits, and commits to maintaining this status if it succeeds with its extra runway. The airport says Heathrow could only meet air quality standards with a new runway if there was no more airport-related road traffic than there is today, which would require the introduction of a pollution-limiting congestion charge that could run as high as £40 ($64) per trip to the airport. Heathrow, on the other hand, says it has various strategies in place that will allow compliance with air quality limits in the event of a new third runway.
Published Friday, October 31, 2014 9:13 am

54.GreenAir Newsletter 7 July 2016
Published Thursday, July 7, 2016 9:32 am

55.GreenAir Newsletter 15 January 2016
Published Friday, January 15, 2016 9:28 am

56.GreenAir Newsletter 29 January 2016
Published Friday, January 29, 2016 10:04 am

57.Airbus to fly first second-generation biofuel test flight next year after successful GTL trial
Fri 18 Apr 2008 - Speaking at the 'Future Fuels Aviation' conference in London this week, Sebastian Remy, Head of Business & Program Support Engineering, Airbus, said plans were underway to conduct the first biofuel-powered flight by an Airbus aircraft in 2009. Although preparations are at an early stage, Airbus says it is keen to test a second-generation biofuel.
Published Sunday, April 20, 2008 8:31 am

58.Solena jet biofuel project with British Airways on track, says CEO, as the airline seeks further supplies for engine testing
Wed 28 July 2010 - Solena Group CEO Dr Robert Do says the search for a potential site for its waste biomass-to-jet fuel plant in East London has been narrowed down to two or three locations, with an announcement due shortly. Speaking at last week's Farnborough Air Show, Do expressed confidence that the company will be successful in attracting major international investors for the proposed $280 million facility. Now dubbed the GreenSky project, Solena and its partner and customer British Airways are bullish that 16 million gallons of jet biofuel will be in annual production once the plant opens in 2014. Meanwhile, the airline and Rolls-Royce have invited fuel suppliers to take part in a test programme to evaluate a range of alternative jet fuels.
Published Wednesday, July 28, 2010 12:20 pm

59.Solena jet biofuel project with British Airways on track, says CEO, as the airline seeks further supplies for engine testing
Wed 28 July 2010 - Solena Group CEO Dr Robert Do says the search for a potential site for its waste biomass-to-jet fuel plant in East London has been narrowed down to two or three locations, with an announcement due shortly. Speaking at last week's Farnborough Air Show, Do expressed confidence that the company will be successful in attracting major international investors for the proposed $280 million facility. Now dubbed the GreenSky project, Solena and its partner and customer British Airways are bullish that 16 million gallons of jet biofuel will be in annual production once the plant opens in 2014. Meanwhile, the airline and Rolls-Royce have invited fuel suppliers to take part in a test programme to evaluate a range of alternative jet fuels.
Published Friday, March 4, 2011 3:56 am

60.GreenAir Newsletter 25 July 2017
Published Tuesday, July 25, 2017 6:43 am

61.Aviation EU ETS up in the air as European politicians, member states and airlines differ on future direction
Mon 27 Jan 2014 - With a decision required by EU institutions before the end of April, there remains strong disagreement over the future direction of the Aviation EU ETS, not only within the European Parliament and EU member states but also between European airlines. MEPs in the Parliament's transport and industry committees voted last week to water down the Commission's proposal to regulate emissions from all flights within EU/EEA airspace. The environment committee, which leads on the issue, is due to vote on Thursday (Jan 30) and largely backs the proposal. Rapporteurs on the three committees are now attempting to seek a compromise. Meanwhile, the three trade associations representing European airlines differ too on the future EU ETS scope. A clash is also looming between Parliament and member states on the earmarking of EU ETS auction revenues.
Published Monday, January 27, 2014 12:04 pm

62.UK government opens consultations on Heathrow Airport expansion and airspace modernisation
Fri 3 Feb 2017 - The UK government has published a draft Airports National Policy Statement (NPS) that lays down the planning and decision-making framework for a third runway at Heathrow Airport and has opened it to a 16-week public consultation. The draft NPS sets out the measures that Heathrow will have to comply in order to get development consent for the airport expansion. These include noise insulation measures for homes and schools, above market value compensation for home owners having to make way for the new runway, mitigation of noise impacts and a commitment to no increase in airport-related road traffic. However, the NPS has been criticised by environmental groups for a lack of detail on how an expansion of air traffic sits with the UK’s climate change targets. The government has also announced separate proposals and a consultation on modernising UK airspace and managing aircraft noise. They include setting up an independent aviation noise commission.
Published Friday, February 3, 2017 6:29 am

63.Focus on cost and sustainability issues as aviation and biofuel sectors meet face to face in Rotterdam
Mon 28 Mar 2011 - Sustainability and economics dominated debate at last week's World Biofuels Market (WBM) event in Rotterdam as airlines gathered to make the case for aviation biofuels commercialisation to a wider biofuels industry audience. In a keynote speech, KLM Managing Director Jan Ernst de Groot said biofuels were vital to reducing aviation CO2 but reducing the cost of production towards equivalence with fossil-based kerosene was key, although government help could reduce the parity timeframe. He told delegates that airlines would never compromise on sustainability and they could not afford to use the wrong type of feedstocks that did not meet strict criteria. The aviation biofuels lobby has thrown its weight behind the Swiss-based Roundtable on Sustainable Biofuels, which announced it had joined forces with Boeing to help align the various global voluntary standards on biofuel sustainability and bring down the costs of certification.
Published Thursday, March 31, 2011 8:54 am

64.Focus on cost and sustainability issues as aviation and biofuel sectors meet face to face in Rotterdam
Mon 28 Mar 2011 - Sustainability and economics dominated debate at last week's World Biofuels Market (WBM) event in Rotterdam as airlines gathered to make the case for aviation biofuels commercialisation to a wider biofuels industry audience. In a keynote speech, KLM Managing Director Jan Ernst de Groot said biofuels were vital to reducing aviation CO2 but reducing the cost of production towards equivalence with fossil-based kerosene was key, although government help could reduce the parity timeframe. He told delegates that airlines would never compromise on sustainability and they could not afford to use the wrong type of feedstocks that did not meet strict criteria. The aviation biofuels lobby has thrown its weight behind the Swiss-based Roundtable on Sustainable Biofuels, which announced it had joined forces with Boeing to help align the various global voluntary standards on biofuel sustainability and bring down the costs of certification.
Published Monday, March 28, 2011 11:45 am

65.Feisty exchanges over Aviation EU ETS as European Parliament votes to continue with ‘Stop the Clock’
Thu 3 Apr 2014 - The European Parliament today voted in favour of a compromise agreement brokered between Parliament rapporteurs and EU member states, represented by the European Council. The vote will see a resumption of the 'Stop the Clock' (STC) scope in which only intra-European Economic Area (EEA) flights will be covered by the Aviation EU ETS, rather than the proposal by the European Commission to also include emissions from international flights within EEA airspace. Despite the large majority in favour of the compromise - 458 for, 120 against and 24 abstentions - the vote was preceded by feisty exchanges between MEPs in a debate on the issue. STC will now run from 2013 until the end of 2016 and the agreement allows for a return to the original full scope of the scheme from 2017 should an agreement at ICAO to implement a global market-based mechanism from 2020 not be reached at its Assembly in 2016. (Updated April 4, 7 & 14)
Published Thursday, April 3, 2014 10:30 am

66.GreenAir Newsletter 13 December 2016
Published Tuesday, December 13, 2016 6:10 am

67.GreenAir Newsletter 18 March 2016
Published Friday, March 18, 2016 5:30 am

68.GreenAir Newsletter 26 May 2017
Published Friday, May 26, 2017 8:38 am

69.GreenAir Newsletter 20 November 2015
Published Wednesday, December 9, 2015 5:29 am

70.GreenAir Newsletter 23 Feb 2015
Published Thursday, February 26, 2015 10:15 am

71.GreenAir Newsletter 6 February 2017
Published Monday, February 6, 2017 3:33 am

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