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Mon, Oct 14, 2019

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IAG commits to net zero emissions by 2050 and BA to offset all carbon emissions on domestic UK flights from 2020 | British Airways,IAG
IAG commits to net zero emissions by 2050 and BA to offset all carbon emissions on domestic UK flights from 2020
Thu 10 Oct 2019 - International Airlines Group (IAG) has become the first airline group to commit to net zero carbon emissions by 2050, with interim targets for a 10 per cent reduction in CO2 per passenger kilometre by 2025 and a 20 per cent reduction in net CO2 by 2030, both compared to 2020 levels. IAG says it is developing management incentives for employees to reduce carbon emissions across the group in line with the targets. IAG subsidiary British Airways (BA) has also announced that from 2020 it plans to offset CO2 emissions, estimated at around 400,000 tonnes per year, from all UK domestic flights. The airline is partnering with not-for-profit Pure Leapfrog on a new scheme to offer its passengers an offsetting option on international flights, with proceeds going to forestry REDD+ and cook stove projects in Cambodia, Peru and Sudan.  Read more ...

Last day drama at ICAO Assembly as old disputes between developed and developing countries over climate action re-emerge | ICAO A40
Last day drama at ICAO Assembly as old disputes between developed and developing countries over climate action re-emerge
Fri 4 Oct 2019 - Drama unfolded on the last day of ICAO's 40th Assembly as China, India and Russia attempted to reopen negotiations on two climate related resolutions that were expected to be adopted in the final plenary session. Signs of discontent in closed sessions during the Assembly emerged when a joint statement was released by China, India and Russia detailing significant changes they wanted to the climate change resolution. China called for a secret ballot of States that resulted in the original resolutions - including the CORSIA resolution - being adopted by 92 votes to 25, with 10 abstentions. The three major emerging nations, with the support of others, notified ICAO of reservations to the resolutions and called for a high-level meeting in 2021 to continue discussions on the issue. IATA told the Assembly that intense outside pressure meant industry would have to work faster than ICAO to reduce the sector's climate impact. (Updated 7 OctRead more ...

Investment flows into development of electric propulsion for future commercial aircraft | Collins Aerospace Systems,Boeing HorizonX Ventures,Safran Corporate Ventures,NASA,GE,Electric PowerSystems
Investment flows into development of electric propulsion for future commercial aircraft
Thu 26 Sept 2019 - Aircraft engine manufacturer GE is to partner with NASA's Advanced Air Vehicles Program to develop a central component for the electric propulsion of a commercial aircraft. The project team is aiming to develop a next-generation inverter that meets the size, power, efficiency and altitude requirements specified by NASA for flight operations. This provides power to drive the electric motor and the challenge is to come up with an inverter that is small enough and delivers the required power to support electric flight. GE believes its silicon-carbide technology can provide the significant increase in power density that is required. NASA says it has been researching electric aircraft architectures for nearly two decades and has developed experimental aircraft that have demonstrated electrical propulsion concepts to significantly reduce fuel consumption and emissions. In related news, Boeing and Safran have announced a joint investment in Electric Power Systems, which is developing aviation-grade energy storage systems. Read more ...

ICAO's CORSIA scheme still requires strong support from countries, Aliu tells Assembly | ICAO A40
ICAO's CORSIA scheme still requires strong support from countries, Aliu tells Assembly
Wed 25 Sept 2019 – Opening ICAO's 40th Assembly in Montreal yesterday, Council President Dr Olumuyiwa Benard Aliu called on States to affirm their support for the global CORSIA carbon offsetting scheme and warned countries against imposing further measures such as taxes on international aviation emissions. Over the next fortnight, EU countries will be seeking to block or amend wording in a proposed Assembly resolution that attempts to make CORSIA the exclusive market-based measure at the expense of the EU's own Emissions Trading System. At the Assembly, industry and environmental groups are calling on ICAO to speed up an agreement on setting a long-term target to reduce aviation emissions. The Assembly takes place following UN calls for greater climate action and a large climate march on Friday (27th) is due to pass the ICAO building, with Swedish activist Greta Thunberg expected to participate. Read more ...

UK government's climate advisers suggest a pathway towards net-zero aviation emissions by 2050 | Committee on Climate Change,CCC
UK government's climate advisers suggest a pathway towards net-zero aviation emissions by 2050
Tue 24 Sept 2019 - Emissions from international aviation and shipping must be included in the country's net-zero emissions by 2050 climate target, says the UK government's advisory Committee on Climate Change (CCC). However, the body accepts that even with improvements to fuel efficiency and the use of sustainable and novel fuels, zero-carbon aviation is highly unlikely to be feasible by 2050. In a letter and report to the UK government, the CCC proposes demand growth be limited to at most 25 per cent above current levels and the use of what it calls greenhouse gas removal offsets to deal with remaining emissions. Aviation, it says, is likely to be the largest emitting sector in 2050 and account should also be taken of the added climate impact of its non-CO2 effects. Formal inclusion of international aviation emissions in the net-zero target would complement agreed international policies, such as CORSIA, and should not be interpreted as a unilateral UK approach to reducing these emissions, says the CCC. Read more ...

Global aviation CO2 emissions are rising 70 per cent faster than ICAO projections, finds ICCT | ICCT
Global aviation CO2 emissions are rising 70 per cent faster than ICAO projections, finds ICCT
Thu 19 Sept 2019 - Analysis by the International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT) shows global CO2 emissions from commercial aviation are currently rising 70 per cent faster than long-term projections by ICAO that already point to a tripling of emissions by mid-century. ICCT has carried out what it claims is the first detailed global CO2 inventory for aviation in 15 years and finds that total emissions from all commercial operations, including freight, totalled 918 million tonnes (Mt) in 2018, around 2.4 per cent of the global total. This is close to the industry's own estimates of 905 Mt reported in June, which was a 5.2 per cent increase over the previous year. The ICCT data shows 40 per cent of global passenger transport-related CO2 emissions came from domestic flights, which are outside the scope of ICAO's global CORSIA scheme. ICCT has also released its latest US domestic airline fuel efficiency rankings that found Frontier Airlines to be the most efficient in the 2017-18 period. Read more ...

European Commission recommends EU States object to CORSIA exclusivity provision to protect EU ETS | ICAO A40,Pascal Canfin
European Commission recommends EU States object to CORSIA exclusivity provision to protect EU ETS
Thu 12 Sept 2019 - The European Commission has recommended EU Member States file a reservation at the upcoming ICAO Assembly against an attempt by a majority of ICAO's Member States to ensure the CORSIA carbon offsetting scheme is the only market-based measure applying to CO2 emissions from international flights. The EU has signalled its intention to continue applying its own scheme, the Emissions Trading System (EU ETS), to flights within the European Economic Area after 2021 when CORSIA is due to start. This would contravene an 'exclusivity' clause in a draft revision of the CORSIA resolution for consideration at the Assembly. The purpose of a reservation would be to inform ICAO that EU States do not intend to comply with the stipulation if adopted. However, three EU States have so far declined to support the move, which requires EU unanimity, fearing the impact on relations with third countries over an already fragile political agreement. Read more ...

Industry and NGOs urge ICAO to adopt a long-term emissions reduction goal for international aviation by 2022 | ICAO A40
Industry and NGOs urge ICAO to adopt a long-term emissions reduction goal for international aviation by 2022
Mon 9 Sept 2019 - The aviation industry and environmental organisations have urged ICAO to agree on a long-term goal to reduce emissions from international aviation for adoption by its 41st Assembly in 2022. Industry and NGOs believe ICAO must act in light of the recent UN IPCC special report calling for a net zero emissions world by the middle of the century. In a working paper for consideration by States attending the Assembly, industry has also expressed concern that the implementation and effectiveness of the ICAO CORSIA carbon offsetting scheme could be undermined by States or groups of States applying carbon pricing instruments or taxes to international flights additional to CORSIA. Meanwhile, a paper from China and Russia describes CORSIA and its carbon-neutral growth goal as "morally unfair".  Read more ...

ICAO advisory body to evaluate 14 programmes for eligibility under CORSIA carbon offset scheme | ICAO CORSIA,Refinitiv,AitherCO2,A40
ICAO advisory body to evaluate 14 programmes for eligibility under CORSIA carbon offset scheme
Tue 3 Sept 2019 - Fourteen carbon offset programmes have applied to ICAO for their units to be made available to airlines under the UN agency's CORSIA scheme for international aviation. A public comment period finishes on September 5 and ICAO's Technical Advisory Body (TAB) will then evaluate whether the submissions comply with the CORSIA emissions unit criteria before making recommendations to the governing ICAO Council for its consideration in March 2020. Unsuccessful applicants and new programmes are invited to apply again during a next round that is expected to begin around the same time. The applications range from the UN's Clean Development Mechanism to forestry programmes administered by the World Bank and Poland's State Forests. The 19-member TAB has chosen representatives from the US and Singapore as Chairperson and Vice-Chairperson respectively. Read more ...

Submission of planning application to develop UK's first waste to jet fuel plant a major milestone, says BA | British Airways,Velocys,Altalto
Submission of planning application to develop UK's first waste to jet fuel plant a major milestone, says BA
Thu 29 Aug 2019 - British Airways waste to jet fuel project with Velocys has moved a step forward with the submission of a planning application to develop a site on the north-east coast of England for sustainable jet fuel production. The airline said the application was a major milestone for the project, a first of its kind in Europe. Subject to planning approval and successful funding, construction of the Immingham plant is due to begin in 2021 and to start producing commercial volumes of sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) in 2024. When fully operational, the plant is expected to convert over 500,000 tonnes each year of non-recyclable everyday household and commercial waste destined for landfill or incineration into producing over 60 million litres of fuel, of which 40 million litres is intended to be jet fuel. The carrier is now calling for the setting up of a dedicated cross-government body to provide policy support to accelerate UK SAF development. Read more ...

California start-up ZeroAvia plans hydrogen-fuelled, zero-emissions commercial flights by 2022 | ZeroAvia,SystemIQ,Electric,Hydrogen
California start-up ZeroAvia plans hydrogen-fuelled, zero-emissions commercial flights by 2022
Tue 27 Aug 2019 - Silicon Valley start-up ZeroAvia claims its hydrogen-fuelled electric powertrain could be ready for zero-emission, 500-mile commercial regional flights capable of carrying 10 to 20 passengers by the early part of the next decade. The company, founded by cleantech entrepreneur and pilot Val Miftakhov, has already started flight testing its powertrain prototype on a Piper M-Class airframe following experimental R&D certification by the FAA earlier this year. At a 2-ton take-off weight and six seats in a business class arrangement, ZeroAvia says it is currently the world's largest zero-emission aircraft flying without any fossil fuel support. From 2022, the company plans to lease the hydrogen fuel cell drivetrain through a power-by-the-hour arrangement to commercial operators purchasing new aircraft supplied by established manufacturers. Read more ...

NATS research shows growing majority of UK public concerned over environmental impact of aviation but curbs on flying resisted | NATS
NATS research shows growing majority of UK public concerned over environmental impact of aviation but curbs on flying resisted
Fri 23 Aug 2019 - Research carried out on behalf of the UK's air traffic service provider NATS shows growing concern by the flying public over aviation's impact on the environment. Its annual study of attitudes to flying, carried out by IPSOS MORI, showed 60 per cent of those interviewed wanted to see reducing emissions made the top priority for the aviation industry, a rise of eight percentage points on the previous year. Although still a minority, 38 per cent - a rise from 30 per cent in 2018 - were willing to pay some form of a climate change levy on the price of a plane ticket. Meanwhile, NATS has revealed it saved airlines 113,500 tonnes of aircraft CO2 emissions last year, equating to £18.4 million ($22.4m) in fuel costs, and bringing total emissions reductions achieved since 2006 to 8.4 million tonnes. Its latest annual report, however, NATS admits it will fall short of a 2008 commitment to reduce CO2 emissions by an average of 10 per cent per flight by 2020. Read more ...

Finnair's passenger biofuel purchase initiative takes off with first SAF flights from San Francisco | Finnair
Finnair's passenger biofuel purchase initiative takes off with first SAF flights from San Francisco
Mon 19 Aug 2019 - Following its 'Push for change' initiative launched earlier this year, Finnair has used sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) on two flights from San Francisco to Helsinki. The initiative encourages passengers to either offset the carbon emissions from their flights or mitigate their carbon footprint through paying to contribute towards the cost of Finnair buying more expensive biofuel. The airline carried out a consumer survey a year ago that found travellers were prepared to pay more to lower the environmental impact from their flights as long as the proceeds went directly towards mitigation projects. Finnair, along with SAS and KLM, subsequently signed an agreement with Shell, World Energy and SkyNRG to use SAF produced from Californian-sourced used cooking oil at World Energy's Paramount refinery in Los Angeles. Read more ...