Jakarta Soekarno-Hatta International Airport
Thu 11 Apr 2013 – The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) is to partner with the Indonesian government on a large-scale project that aims to manage and reduce emissions from the country’s air transport sector. The Environmental Measures Project, jointly overseen by the Indonesian Ministry of Transport and ICAO’s Technical Co-Operation Bureau (TCB), sets a broad range of objectives, including improved legislation on emissions, more efficient airspace design and the promotion of alternative fuels initiatives. Commercial aviation in Indonesia, a country of more than 240 million people, is currently experiencing rapid growth. Airports Council International reports the country’s main airport in Jakarta experienced a 12 per cent increase in passenger numbers from 2011 to 2012 to over 57 million.
ICAO’s TCB will be directly involved in the implementation of the project, working closely with Indonesia’s Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA). The TCB is the arm of ICAO responsible for providing advice and assistance to developing countries to help them build air transport infrastructures that are comparable to those in the developed world. Formed in 1952, it is involved in around 250 projects each year around the globe, with budgets varying from $20,000 to over $120 million.
“This new, large-scale initiative by ICAO’s TCB serves to reinforce the wide-ranging series of concrete programmes and measures our Organization has been pursuing to help our Member States mitigate their international aviation carbon emissions,” commented ICAO’s Secretary General, Raymond Benjamin.
The master plan for the project contains a broad-based approach to the management and reduction of Indonesia’s air transport emissions. It proposes legislative improvements on emissions, the use of performance-based navigation to aid more efficient airspace design, advice on market-based measures, alternative fuels initiatives and the development of an emissions inventory for the country’s aviation sector.
Indonesia’s adoption of the project comes in the wake of a decree in late 2011 by the country’s President, Susilo Bambang Yuhdoyono, setting up a National Action Plan for Greenhouse Gas Emissions Reduction. This called for reduction in CO2 emissions across multiple core economic sectors, including transportation.
“This is an important time for Indonesian aviation, notably, as air transport capacity globally and especially here in the Asia-Pacific region is projected to expand significantly over the next two decades,” said Indonesia’s Vice Minister of Transportation, Dr Bambang Susantono. “To manage this growth responsibly, Indonesia was keenly aware that we would need to develop and adopt more meaningful emissions control legislation and initiatives. ICAO-TCB’s experience and knowledge of what works at the global, regional and local levels will be invaluable to us as we proceed with these programmes.”
Article by Edward Donaldson-Balan
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